avatar North European Oil Royalty Trust Finance, Insurance, And Real Estate
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    Annual Report 2010 North European Oil Royalty Trust ATTENTION: PLEASE RETAIN CRITICAL TAX INFORMATION ENCLOSED


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    The Annual Meeting of Unit Owners will be held on Tuesday, February 15, 2011, at 10:30 A.M., in Rooms 3 and 4, Ninth Floor, at the University Club, 1 West 54th Street, New York City (northwest corner of 5th Avenue; entrance on 54th Street). All unit owners are cordially invited to attend. If you plan to attend the meeting, please note that The University Club has a dress code. Gentlemen are required to wear a jacket and ladies are required to wear business attire. The University Club does not make exceptions. Table of Contents Report to Unit Owners . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2-4 Ten Year History of Net Gas Sales . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5 Net Proved Producing Gas Reserves (Est .) and Volume of Net Gas Sales . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6 Selected Financial Data . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 7 Description of Trust Assets . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 8-9 Management’s Discussion and Analysis . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 9-17 Critical Accounting Policies . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 17-18 Distributions and Trading . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 18-19 Comparison of Five Year Returns . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 19-20 Report of Independent Registered Public Accounting Firm . . . . . . . . . 21 Financial Statements . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 22-25 Notes to Financial Statements . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 26-28 Disclosure Controls and Procedures . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 29 Internal Control Over Financial Reporting . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 29-30 2010 Tax Letter (Removable) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 31-32 Dollar Royalties Western and Eastern Oldenburg . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 33 IMPORTANT TAX INFORMATION For your convenience, the information necessary to prepare your 2010 tax return is included in the removable “2010 tax letter” on Pages 31 and 32. Please note that there will be no separate mailing of the tax letter. 1


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    NORTH EUROPEAN OIL ROYALTY TRUST Report to Unit Owners: FOURTH QUARTER 2010 Net income for the Trust for the fourth quarter of fiscal 2010 was $5,168,831, an increase of 48.26% from net income of $3,486,314 for the fourth quarter of fiscal 2009. Significantly higher gas prices offset both lower gas sales and lower average exchange rates under the two royalty agreements . At least a portion of the decline in gas sales can be accounted for by the 18 day shutdown of the Grossenkneten desulfurization plant in August . There was no corresponding shutdown in the fourth quarter of fiscal 2009. The relevant details for the final quarter of fiscal 2010 for gas sales under the higher royalty rate covering western Oldenburg (the “Mobil Agreement”) and gas sales under the lower royalty rate agreement covering the entire Oldenburg concession (the “OEG Agreement”) are shown in the table below . Fourth Fiscal Qtr. Fourth Fiscal Qtr. Percentage Ended 10/31/10 Ended 10/31/09 Change Mobil Agreement: Gas Sales (Bcf1) 8 .599 11 .938 - 27 .97% Gas Prices (Ecents/Kwh2) 2 .2021 1 .4274 + 54 .27% Gas Prices ($/Mcf3) $ 8.36 $ 6.01 + 39 .10% Average Exchange Rate4 $1.3262 $1.4620 - 9 .29% OEG Agreement: Gas Sales (Bcf) 23 .094 30 .805 - 25 .03% Gas Prices (Ecents/Kwh) 2 .3395 1 .6487 + 41 .90% Gas Prices ($/Mcf) $ 8.66 $ 6.72 + 28 .87% Average Exchange Rate $1.3305 $1.4544 - 8 .52% 1 3 Billion cubic feet Dollars per thousand cubic feet 2 4 Euro cents per Kilowatt hour Based on average exchange rates of royalty transfers FISCAL 2010 REPORT For fiscal 2010, the Trust’s gross royalty income decreased 31.61% to $19,645,331 from $28,724,078 in fiscal 2009. The decrease in royalty income is due to declines in gas prices, gas sales and average exchange rates. Average gas prices, with the exception of the final quarter, were lower than the prior year’s. However, from a low point in the fourth quarter of fiscal 2009, gas prices have increased steadily in a quarter over quarter basis . The total distribution for fiscal 2010 was $2.04 per unit compared to $3.01 per unit for fiscal 2009. As in prior years, the Trust receives adjustments from the operating companies based on their final calculations of royalties payable during the previous calendar year. As an adjustment for the prior calendar year, the Trust received the equivalent of $0.0473 and $0.1090 per unit during fiscal 2010 and 2009, respectively. In addition, the Trust’s German accountants discovered calculation errors by the operating companies related 2


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    NORTH EUROPEAN OIL ROYALTY TRUST to discrepancies in the determination of average gas prices for the 2005-2006 period . Following the required recalculation, the Trust received the equivalent of $0.1013 per unit as an adjustment during fiscal 2009 . The Trust’s German consultant meets periodically with representatives of the operating companies to inquire about their planned and proposed drilling and geophysical work and other general matters . The following is a summary of his account of the operating companies’ responses to his inquiries. The Trust is not able to confirm the accuracy of any of these responses. In addition, the operating companies are not required to take any of the actions outlined and, if they change their plans with respect to any such actions, they are not obligated to inform the Trust. The following four paragraphs represent a summary of the Trust’s German consultant’s conversation with representatives of EMPG . Goldenstedt Z-10a, which is the fourth well to explore the “tight” gas Carboniferous zone in eastern Oldenburg, began production in February 2010 with higher than expected results and consistent production levels since entering production. Goldenstedt Z-23, which is the fifth well exploring the Carboniferous zone in eastern Oldenburg, received planned individual hydraulic fracturing (“frac”) treatments in July 2010 and entered production in the fall of 2010 as a success . Cappeln Z-3a, which is the sixth well exploring the Carboniferous zone (but in western Oldenburg not eastern Oldenburg) completed drilling in October 2010 . Individual hydraulic frac treatments will take place in the near future. In April 2010, Goldenstedt Z-16a became the second well in western Oldenburg to enter production . This well served to further develop the sour gas Zechstein zone . In addition, two Zechstein wells, Hengstlage-N Z-8 and Z-5a, were re-drilled following casing collapses and re-entered production in February and April 2010, respectively. The operating companies have scheduled six wells for the 2011-2012 period . Two wells exploring the Carboniferous zone will bring the total Carboniferous wells to eight. Oythe Z-4, the seventh Carboniferous well, will begin drilling in early 2011. As a result of technological and geological analysis of the previous Carboniferous well, the operators have concluded that slanted or even vertically drilled wells will have more successful results in the Carboniferous zone than horizontally drilled wells. Oythe Z-4 will be followed in 2012 by Goldenstedt Z-24, the eighth Carboniferous well . Four additional wells, one in western Oldenburg, will further explore and develop the Zechstein zone . Goldenstedt Z-21 is scheduled to start drilling in 2011 . This well will be followed in 2012 by Goldenstedt Z-25 and two horizontal deviations from existing wells Quaadmoor Z-4 and western well Kneheim Z-5 . We had previously mentioned other wells that were under discussion but with no firm start dates. These wells have been put off to a possible start time beyond 2012. In this group, there are two western wells, Hemmelte NW T-1, sweet gas Bunter zone and Visbek Z-16a, Zechstein, as well as three eastern Zechstein wells, Rechterfeld Z-5, Sagermeer Z-9a and Brinkholz Z-5. All these wells present various difficulties, and it is by no means certain they will be drilled. 3


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    NORTH EUROPEAN OIL ROYALTY TRUST Based on the limited information available, Ralph E. Davis Associates, Inc., the Trust’s petroleum consultant (“Davis Associates”), has prepared and submitted their report on the cost depletion percentage applicable to Trust unit owners for calendar 2010 . The 2010 cost depletion percentage of 8 .1743% and related tax information is contained in the removable “2010 Tax Letter” on Pages 31 and 32 of this report . The calculation of the cost depletion percentage is based on Davis Associates’ estimate of remaining net proved producing reserves as of October 1, 2010. (The complete text of the report is available in the Trust’s 2010 10-K as exhibit 99 .1 .) The application of the Trust’s two royalty rates to gross remaining proved producing gas reserves or to gross gas sales for both eastern and western Oldenburg yields the net gas reserves or sales attributable to the Trust, as referenced in the charts on pages 4 and 5. The report indicates that net Trust gas reserves decreased 10 .31% to 26 .962 Bcf from 30 .062 Bcf on net sales for 2009 of 2 .423 Bcf and a negative reserve adjustment of .677 Bcf. As shown in the chart on page 5, the efforts by the operating companies have not been successful in replacing current gas sales with additions to proved producing reserves . Both gas sales and gas reserves have continued to decline since 2006 . To what extent, if any, additional drilling will result in additions to reserves that will compensate for future gas sales is unknown . Respectfully submitted, December 30, 2010 John R. Van Kirk Managing Director 4


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    TEN YEAR HISTORY OF NET GAS SALES 6 5 BILLION CUBIC FEET 4 3 2 1 0 2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 Reflecting Effective Royalty Rates and Gas Sales through September EASTERN OLDENBURG WESTERN OLDENBURG 5


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    6 NET PROVED PRODUCING GAS RESERVES (EST.) AND VOLUME OF NET GAS SALES 60 50 BILLION CUBIC FEET 40 30 20 10 0 2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 As of October 1st NET PROVED PRODUCING RESERVES (EST.) ANNUAL NET SALES


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    NORTH EUROPEAN OIL ROYALTY TRUST North European Oil Royalty Trust Selected Financial Data (Cash Basis) For Fiscal Years Ended October 31 2010 2009 2008 2007 2006 German gas, sulfur and oil royalties received $19,645,331 $28,724,078 $34,645,159 $27,484,254 $31,079,122 Interest Income 7,359 11,471 95,802 207,932 164,021 Trust Expenses (932,425) (1,036,321) (1,075,823) (952,517) (984,199) Net income $18,720,265 $27,699,228 $33,665,138 $26,739,669 $30,258,944 Net income per unit $ 2.04 $ 3.01 $ 3.66 $ 2.91 $ 3.29 Dividends and distributions per unit paid to formerly unlocated unit owners $ 0.00 $ 0.00 $ 0.00 $ 0.00 $ 0.02 Distributions per unit paid or to be paid to unit owners $ 2.04 $ 3.01 $ 3.66 $ 2.91 $ 3.28 $ 2.04 $ 3.01 $ 3.66 $ 2.91 $ 3.30 Units outstanding end of period 9,190,590 9,190,590 9,190,590 9,190,590 9,190,590 7


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    NORTH EUROPEAN OIL ROYALTY TRUST Description of Trust Assets The properties of the Trust, which the Trust and Trustees hold pursuant to the Trust Agreement on behalf of the unit owners, are overriding royalty rights on sales of gas, sulfur and oil under certain concessions or leases in the Federal Republic of Germany . The actual leases or concessions are held either by Mobil Erdgas-Erdol GmbH (“Mobil Erdgas”), a German operating subsidiary of Exxon Mobil, or by Oldenburgische Erdolgesellschaft (“OEG”). As a result of direct and indirect ownership, Exxon Mobil owns two-thirds of OEG and the Royal Dutch/Shell Group owns one-third of OEG . The Oldenburg concession (1,398,000 acres), covering virtually the entire former Grand Duchy of Oldenburg and located in the federal state of Lower Saxony, provides nearly 100% of the royalties received by the Trust. BEB Erdgas und Erdol GmbH (“BEB”), a joint venture in which Exxon Mobil and the Royal Dutch/Shell Group each own 50%, administers the concession held by OEG. In 2002, Mobil Erdgas and BEB formed Exxon Mobil Production Deutschland GmbH (“EMPG”) to carry out all exploration, drilling and production activities. All sales activities are still handled by either Mobil Erdgas or BEB . Under the Mobil Agreement covering the western part of the Oldenburg concession (approximately 662,000 acres), the Trust receives a royalty payment of 4% on gross receipts from sales by Mobil Erdgas of gas well gas, oil well gas, crude oil and condensate. Under the Mobil Agreement there is no deduction of costs prior to the calculation of royalties from gas well gas and oil well gas, which together account for approximately 99% of all the royalties under said agreement. Historically, the Trust has received significantly greater royalty payments under the Mobil Agreement (as compared to the OEG Agreement described below) due to the higher royalty rate specified by that agreement . The Trust is also entitled under the Mobil Agreement to receive a 2% royalty on gross receipts of sales of sulfur obtained as a by-product of sour gas produced from the western part of Oldenburg . The payment of the sulfur royalty is conditioned upon sales of sulfur by Mobil Erdgas at a selling price above an agreed upon base price . This base price is adjusted annually by an inflation index . When the average selling price falls below the indexed base price, no royalties are payable. Up until the second quarter of fiscal 2008, the Trust had not received any royalties from sulfur sales under the Mobil Agreement for over 10 years because the selling price was below the indexed base price . The average selling price for sulfur exceeded the indexed base price, and the Trust received sulfur royalties under the Mobil Agreement, during the second, third and fourth quarters of fiscal 2008, the first quarter of fiscal 2009 and the third quarter of fiscal 2010 . Sulfur royalties under the Mobil Agreement totaled $974,691, $244,874 and $78,870 during fiscal 2008, 2009 and 2010, respectively. Under the OEG Agreement covering the entire Oldenburg concession and pursuant to the agreement with OEG, the Trust receives royalties at the rate of 0.6667% on gross receipts from sales by BEB of gas well gas, oil well gas, crude oil, condensate and sulfur (removed during the processing of sour gas) less a certain allowed deduction of costs. Under the OEG Agreement, 50% of the field handling, treatment and transportation costs as reported for state royalty purposes is deducted from the gross sales receipts prior to the calculation of the royalty to be paid to the Trust . In 2008, NV Nederlandse Gasunie (the state owned Dutch gas distribution company) completed the purchase of BEB’s North German gas distribution and transmission network . As part of its normal 8


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    NORTH EUROPEAN OIL ROYALTY TRUST biennial examination of the operating companies, the Trust’s German accountants, on behalf of the Trust, completed their examination of the royalty payments for 2007-08. While the pipeline sale occurred in the latter half of 2008, the accountants confirmed that transportation costs continued in accordance with the authorized indexed flat rate throughout this period and that the method of royalty calculation has not been affected. The Trust will continue to monitor the situation but, to date, the Trust has not received any indications that this pipeline sale would affect the method of royalty calculations . In addition to the Oldenburg area, the Trust also holds overriding royalties at various rates on a number of leases of various sizes in other areas of northwest Germany. At the present time, all but one of these leases are in the non-producing category . Due to the low level of income and the intermittent gas production from the single producing lease, Grosses Meer, reserves from this lease are not included in reserve calculations for this report year. In 2008, the German authorities requested that the operating companies conduct a reservoir analysis of the Grosses Meer leasehold area to determine whether the royalties were being properly allocated based on the locations of the gas reserves. Until this analysis was completed and a final accounting could be made, the payment of royalties to the Trust was suspended . The final accounting of royalties was completed in the third quarter of 2010 . The period of adjustment covered the years 2005 through 2009 and the first quarter of calendar 2010. Royalties payable to the Trust for this period totaled $61,548, which the Trust received in its third fiscal quarter . With a further negative adjustment covering calendar 2009 and low production during the remainder of the year, royalty income from Grosses Meer for the remainder of fiscal 2010 was minimal . Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations Executive Summary The Trust is a passive fixed investment trust which holds overriding royalty rights, receives income under those rights from certain operating companies, pays its expenses and distributes the remaining net funds to its unit owners. As mandated by the Trust Agreement, distributions of income are made on a quarterly basis. These distributions, as determined by the Trustees, constitute substantially all of the funds on hand after provision is made for Trust expenses then anticipated . The Trust does not engage in any business or extractive operations of any kind in the areas over which it holds royalty rights and is precluded from engaging in such activities by the Trust Agreement. There are no requirements, therefore, for capital resources with which to make capital expenditures or investments in order to continue the receipt of royalty revenues by the Trust . The properties of the Trust are described above in “Description of Trust Assets .” Of particular importance with respect to royalty income are the two royalty agreements, the Mobil Agreement and the OEG Agreement . The Mobil Agreement covers gas sales from the western part of the Oldenburg concession. Under the Mobil Agreement, the Trust has traditionally received the majority of its royalty income due to the higher royalty rate of 4% . The OEG Agreement covers gas sales from the entire Oldenburg concession but the royalty rate of 0 .6667% is significantly lower and gas royalties have been correspondingly lower . 9


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    NORTH EUROPEAN OIL ROYALTY TRUST The operating companies pay monthly royalties to the Trust based on their sales of natural gas, sulfur and oil. Of these three products, natural gas provides approximately 97% of the total royalties . The amount of royalties paid to the Trust is primarily based on four factors: the amount of gas sold, the price of that gas, the area from which the gas is sold and the exchange rate. At approximately the 25th of the months of January, April, July and October, the operating companies calculate the amount of gas sold during the previous calendar quarter and determine the amount of royalties that were payable to the Trust based on those sales . This amount forms the basis for royalty payments for the Trust’s upcoming fiscal quarter and for any adjustment for the prior calendar quarter. For example, on January 25th the operating companies calculate gas sales and attributable royalties payable for the months of October through December . This amount is divided into thirds and forms the monthly royalty payments (payable on the 15th of each month) to the Trust for its fiscal quarter running from February through April. Continuing in this example, at the same time that the operating companies determine the actual amount of royalties that were payable for months of October through December, they look at the actual amount of royalties that were paid to the Trust during that same period and calculate the difference between what was paid and what was payable . Additional amounts payable by the operating companies would be paid immediately in January and any overpayment would be deducted from the February payment . The operating companies continue their calculations through the calendar year. In September of each year, the operating companies make the final determination of any necessary royalty adjustments for the prior calendar year . There are two types of natural gas found within the Oldenburg concession, sweet gas and sour gas . Sweet gas has little or no contaminants and needs no treatment before it can be sold . In recent years sweet gas has assumed the role of swing producer . During periods of high demand the production of sweet gas is increased as necessary . During the summer months sweet gas production is reduced due to a general decline in demand. On the other hand, sour gas must be processed at either the Grossenkneten or the Norddeutsche Erdgas-Aufbereitungs GmbH (“NEAG”) desulfurization plants before it can be sold . The desulfurization process removes hydrogen sulfide and other contaminants . The hydrogen sulfide in gaseous form is converted to sulfur in a solid form and sold separately. For efficiency purposes, the desulfurization plants are operated at capacity on a continual basis . Any excess production from the plants is stored in underground storage for higher demand periods. As needed, the operators conduct maintenance on the plants, generally during the summer months when demand is lower . Under the Mobil and OEG Agreements, the gas is sold to various distributors under long term contracts which delineate, among other provisions, the timing, manner, volume and price of the gas sold . The pricing mechanisms contained in these contracts include a delay factor of three to six months and use the price of light heating oil in Germany as one of the primary pricing components . Since Germany must import a large percentage of its energy requirements, the U.S. dollar price of oil on the international market has a significant impact on the price of light heating oil and a delayed impact on the price of gas . The Trust itself does not have access to the specific sales contracts under which gas from the Oldenburg concession is sold . Working under a confidentiality agreement with the operating companies, the Trust’s German accountant reviews these contracts periodically on behalf of the Trust to verify the correctness of application of the Agreement formulas for the 10


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    NORTH EUROPEAN OIL ROYALTY TRUST computation of royalty payments . The last such completed examination covering the calendar years 2005-2006 resulted in an adjustment payment that is detailed in the first paragraph of the Results: Fiscal 2009 versus Fiscal 2008, which follows. As part of the resolution of these matters, the Trust also agreed to some minor administrative changes to the timing of interim royalty payments made during each quarter and the annual reconciliation computation . None of these changes are expected to have a material effect on payments made to the Trust . The Trust’s accountants in Germany have concluded their examination of the operating companies for the 2007-2008 period . The examination brought to light certain minor accounting discrepancies and, in addition, raised certain legal issues with respect to the interpretation of the royalty contracts . The Trust and the operating companies are in discussions in an effort to resolve these legal issues . The Trust does not anticipate that any resolution achieved with regard to these legal matters will be material . For unit owners, changes in the dollar value of the Euro have both an immediate and long-term impact . The immediate impact is from the exchange rate that is applied at the time the royalties, paid to the Trust in Euros, are converted into U.S. dollars at the time of their transfer from Germany to the United States. In relation to the dollar, a stronger Euro would yield more dollars and a weaker Euro would yield less dollars . The long-term impact relates to the mechanism of gas pricing contained in the gas sales contracts negotiated by the operating companies . These gas sales contracts often use the price of German light heating oil as one of the primary pricing factors by which the price of gas is determined. The price of German light heating oil, which is a refined product, is largely determined by the price of the imported crude oil from which it was refined. Oil on the international market is priced in dollars. However, when oil is imported into Germany it is purchased in Euros, and at this point the dollar value of the Euro becomes relevant. A weaker Euro would buy less oil making that oil and the subsequently refined light heating oil more expensive . A stronger Euro would buy more oil making that oil and the subsequently refined light heating oil less expensive . Since changes in the price of German light heating oil are subsequently reflected in the price of gas through the gas sales contracts, the dollar/Euro relationship can make the prices of gas higher or lower . The changes in gas prices that result from changes in the prices of German light heating oil are only reflected after a built-in delay of three to six months as specified in the individual gas sales contracts . Seasonal demand factors affect the income from the Trust’s royalty rights insofar as they relate to energy demands and increases or decreases in prices, but on average they are generally not material to the annual income received under the Trust’s royalty rights . The Trust has no means of ensuring continued income from overriding royalty rights at their present level or otherwise . The Trust’s current consultant in Germany provides general information to the Trust on the German and European economies and energy markets . This information provides a context in which to evaluate the actions of the operating companies. In his position as consultant, he receives reports from the operating companies with respect to current and planned drilling and exploration efforts. However, the unified exploration and production venture, EMPG, which provides the reports to the Trust’s consultant, continues to limit the information flow to that which is required by German law . 11


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    NORTH EUROPEAN OIL ROYALTY TRUST The low level of administrative expenses of the Trust limits the effect of inflation on costs . Sustained price inflation would be reflected in sales prices, which with sales volumes form the basis on which the royalties paid to the Trust are computed . The impact of inflation or deflation on energy prices in Germany is delayed by the use in certain long-term gas sales contracts of a delay factor of three to six months prior to the application of any changes in light heating oil prices to gas prices . Results: Fiscal 2010 versus Fiscal 2009 For fiscal 2010, the Trust’s gross royalty income decreased 31.61% to $19,645,331 from $28,724,078 in fiscal 2009. The decrease in royalty income is due to declines in gas prices, gas sales and average exchange rates . The decrease in the amount of royalty income resulted in the lower distributions. The total distribution for fiscal 2010 was $2.04 per unit compared to $3.01 per unit for fiscal 2009. As in prior years, the Trust receives adjustments from the operating companies based on their final calculations of royalties payable during the previous calendar year . As an adjustment for the prior calendar year, the Trust received the equivalent of $0.0473 and $0.1090 per unit during fiscal 2010 and 2009, respectively. In addition, the Trust’s German accountants discovered calculation errors by the operating companies related to discrepancies in the determination of average gas prices for the 2005-2006 period. Following the required recalculation, the Trust received the equivalent of $0.1013 per unit as an adjustment during fiscal 2009. Under the Mobil Agreement, gas sales declined 14.19% to 43.561 Billion cubic feet (“Bcf”) in fiscal 2010 from 50 .766 Bcf in fiscal 2009 . It is possible that worldwide and European economic factors may have contributed to this decline. However, it is impossible to determine to what extent, if any, these factors may have impacted gas sales beyond the natural decline in gas production due to the normal reduction in well pressure experienced over time . Quarterly and Yearly Gas Sales under the Mobil Agreement in Billion cubic feet Fiscal Quarter 2010 Gas Sales 2009 Gas Sales Percentage Change First 11 .861 13 .699 -13 .42% Second 11 .331 12 .839 -11 .75% Third 11 .770 12 .290 - 4 .23% Fourth 8 .599 11 .938 -27 .97% Fiscal Year Total 43 .561 50 .766 -14 .19% Average prices for gas sold under the Mobil Agreement decreased 18 .07% to 1 .9099 Eurocents per Kilowatt hour (“Ecents/Kwh”) in fiscal 2010 from 2 .3310 Ecents/Kwh in fiscal 2009 . In comparison to the prior fiscal year, gas prices showed a decline over the prior year in the first and second quarters of fiscal 2010 as well as in average for the year. However, from a low point experienced in the fourth quarter of fiscal 2009, gas prices have steadily improved throughout fiscal 2010 on a quarter over quarter basis since that low point . 12


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    NORTH EUROPEAN OIL ROYALTY TRUST Average Gas Prices under the Mobil Agreement in Euro cents per Kilowatt hour Fiscal Quarter 2010 Gas Prices 2009 Gas Prices Percentage Change First 1 .6491 3 .1861 -48 .24% Second 1 .9035 2 .7105 -29 .77% Third 1 .9666 1 .8579 + 5 .85% Fourth 2 .2021 1 .4274 +54 .27% Fiscal Year Avg . 1 .9099 2 .3310 -18 .07% Converting gas prices into more familiar terms, using the average exchange rate, yielded a price of $7.37 per thousand cubic feet (“Mcf”), a 19.37% decrease over fiscal 2009’s average price of $9.14/Mcf. For fiscal 2010, royalties paid under the Mobil Agreement were transferred at an average Euro/dollar exchange rate of $1.3421, a decrease of 1.28% from the average Euro/dollar exchange rate of $1.3595 for fiscal 2009. Average Euro Exchange Rate under the Mobil Agreement 2010 Average 2009 Average Percentage Change Fiscal Quarter Euro Exchange Rate Euro Exchange Rate First 1 .4499 1 .3388 + 8 .30% Second 1 .3586 1 .3151 + 3 .31% Third 1 .2522 1 .4061 -10 .95% Fourth 1 .3262 1 .4620 - 9 .29% Fiscal Year Avg . 1 .3421 1 .3595 - 1 .28% Excluding the effects of differences in prices and average exchange rates, the combination of royalty rates on gas sold from western Oldenburg results in an effective royalty rate approximately seven times higher than the royalty rate on gas sold from eastern Oldenburg . This is of particular significance to the Trust since gas sold from western Oldenburg provides the bulk of royalties paid to the Trust. For fiscal 2010, gas sales from western Oldenburg accounted for only 38.24% of all gas sales. However, western Oldenburg gas royalties provided approximately 82.54% or $15,703,321 out of a total of $19,023,814 in overall Oldenburg gas royalties. Under the OEG Agreement, gas sales decreased 11.53% to 113.924 Bcf in fiscal 2010 from 128 .776 Bcf in fiscal 2009 . It is possible that worldwide and European economic factors may have contributed to this decline. However, as noted above, it is impossible to determine to what extent, if any, these factors may have impacted gas sales beyond the natural decline in gas production due to the normal reduction in well pressure experienced over time . 13


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    NORTH EUROPEAN OIL ROYALTY TRUST Quarterly and Yearly Gas Sales under the OEG Agreement in Billion cubic feet Fiscal Quarter 2010 Gas Sales 2009 Gas Sales Percentage Change First 30 .616 34 .350 -10 .87% Second 30 .083 32 .416 - 7 .20% Third 30 .131 31 .205 - 3 .44% Fourth 23 .094 30 .805 -25 .03% Fiscal Year Total 113 .924 128 .776 -11 .53% Average gas prices for gas sold under the OEG Agreement decreased 20 .44% to 2 .0996 Ecents/Kwh in fiscal 2010 from 2 .6389 Ecents/Kwh in fiscal 2009 . In comparison to the prior fiscal year, gas prices showed a decline over the prior year in the first through third quarters of fiscal 2010 as well as in the average for the year. However, from a low point experienced in the fourth quarter of fiscal 2009, gas prices have steadily improved throughout fiscal 2010 on a quarter over quarter basis since that low point . Average Gas Prices under the OEG Agreement in Euro cents per Kilowatt hour Fiscal Quarter 2010 Gas Prices 2009 Gas Prices Percentage Change First 1 .9151 3 .4411 -44 .35% Second 2 .0857 3 .1818 -34 .45% Third 2 .1186 2 .1681 - 2 .28% Fourth 2 .3395 1 .6487 +41 .90% Fiscal Year Avg . 2 .0996 2 .6389 -20 .44% Converting gas prices into more familiar terms, using the average exchange rate, yielded a price of $7.88/Mcf, a 21.36% decrease over fiscal 2009’s average price of $10.02/Mcf. For fiscal 2010, royalties paid under the OEG Agreement were transferred at an average Euro/dollar exchange rate of $1.3479, an increase of 0.26% from the average Euro/dollar exchange rate of $1.3444 for fiscal 2009 . Average Euro Exchange Rate under the OEG Agreement 2010 Average 2009 Average Fiscal Quarter Percentage Change Euro Exchange Rate Euro Exchange Rate First 1 .4405 1 .3382 + 7 .64% Second 1 .3403 1 .2987 + 3 .20% Third 1 .2596 1 .3946 - 9 .68% Fourth 1 .3305 1 .4544 - 8 .52% Fiscal Year Avg . 1 .3479 1 .3444 + 0 .26% 14


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    NORTH EUROPEAN OIL ROYALTY TRUST Reflecting both the reduction in funds available for short term investment and the significantly lower interest rates in effect, interest income for fiscal 2010 decreased to $7,359 from $11,471 for fiscal 2009. Trust expenses decreased 10.03% to $932,425 in fiscal 2010 from $1,036,321 in fiscal 2009, primarily due to reduced Trustees’ fees as specified according to the provisions of the Trust Agreement . Results: Fiscal 2009 versus Fiscal 2008 For fiscal 2009, the Trust’s gross royalty income decreased 17.09% to $28,724,078 from $34,645,159 in fiscal 2008. The decrease in royalty income is due to declines in both gas prices and gas sales, which were only partially offset by an increase in the average exchange rates. The decrease in the amount of royalty income resulted in the lower distributions . The total distribution for fiscal 2009 was $3.01 per unit compared to $3.66 per unit for fiscal 2008. As in prior years, the Trust receives adjustments from the operating companies based on their final calculations of royalties payable during the previous calendar year. As an adjustment for the prior calendar year, the Trust received the equivalent of $0.1090 and $0.0862 per unit during fiscal 2009 and 2008, respectively. In addition, the Trust’s German accountants discovered calculation errors by the operating companies related to discrepancies in the determination of average gas prices for the 2005-2006 period . Following the required recalculation, the Trust received the equivalent of $0.1013 per unit as an adjustment during fiscal 2009 . Under the Mobil Agreement, gas sales decreased 6.19% to 50.766 Bcf in fiscal 2009 from 54 .114 Bcf in fiscal 2008 . The worldwide economic disruption may have contributed to the decline in gas sales. However, it is impossible to determine to what extent this and other factors may have impacted gas sales beyond the natural decline in gas production due to the normal reduction in well pressure experienced over time . Quarterly and Yearly Gas Sales under the Mobil Agreement in Billion cubic feet Fiscal Quarter 2009 Gas Sales 2008 Gas Sales Percentage Change First 13 .699 14 .251 - 3 .87% Second 12 .839 14 .004 - 8 .32% Third 12 .290 12 .314 - 0 .19% Fourth 11 .938 13 .545 -11 .86% Fiscal Year Total 50 .766 54 .114 - 6 .19% Average gas prices for gas sold under the Mobil Agreement decreased 2 .56% to 2 .3310 Ecents/Kwh in fiscal 2009 from 2 .3922 Ecents/Kwh in fiscal 2008 . For the first half of fiscal 2009 gas prices increased significantly reflecting the impact of the very high oil prices experienced in the prior year. The second half of fiscal 2009, however, reflected the impact of the substantial decline in oil prices following the peak prices experienced in the summer of 2008 . 15


  • Page 17

    NORTH EUROPEAN OIL ROYALTY TRUST Average Gas Prices under the Mobil Agreement in Euro cents per Kilowatt hour Fiscal Quarter 2009 Gas Prices 2008 Gas Prices Percentage Change First 3 .1861 2 .0876 +52 .62% Second 2 .7105 2 .2876 +18 .49% Third 1 .8579 2 .4704 -24 .79% Fourth 1 .4274 2 .7510 -48 .11% Fiscal Year Avg . 2 .3310 2 .3922 - 2 .56% Converting gas prices into more familiar terms, using the average exchange rate, yielded a price of $9.14 per Mcf, a 10.74% decrease over fiscal 2008’s average price of $10.24/Mcf. For fiscal 2009, royalties paid under the Mobil Agreement were transferred at an average Euro/dollar exchange rate of $1.3621, a decrease of 8.48% from the average Euro/dollar exchange rate of $1.4883 for fiscal 2008 . Excluding the effects of differences in prices and average exchange rates, the combination of royalty rates on gas sold from western Oldenburg results in an effective royalty rate approximately seven times higher than the royalty rate on gas sold from eastern Oldenburg . This is of particular significance to the Trust since gas sold from western Oldenburg provides the bulk of royalties paid to the Trust. For fiscal 2009, gas sales from western Oldenburg accounted for only 39.42% of all gas sales. However, royalties on these gas sales provided approximately 82.52% or $23,048,569 out of a total of $27,929,320 in Oldenburg royalties attributable to gas. Under the OEG Agreement, gas sales decreased 2.89% to 128.776 Bcf in fiscal 2009 from 132 .611 Bcf in fiscal 2008 . A combination of reduced demand caused by the economic disruption as well as the normal production decline may account for the decline in gas sales . Quarterly and Yearly Gas Sales under the OEG Agreement in Billion cubic feet Fiscal Quarter 2009 Gas Prices 2008 Gas Prices Percentage Change First 34 .350 34 .716 - 1 .05% Second 32 .416 33 .680 - 3 .75% Third 31 .205 31 .045 + 0 .51% Fourth 30 .805 33 .170 - 7 .13% Fiscal Year Total 128 .776 132 .611 - 2 .89% Average gas prices for gas sold under the OEG Agreement increased 5 .28% to 2 .6389 Ecents/Kwh in fiscal 2009 from 2 .5066 Ecents/Kwh in fiscal 2008 . The impact of higher gas prices during the first half of fiscal 2009 more than offset the decline in gas prices during the latter half and resulted in the higher yearly average . 16


  • Page 18

    NORTH EUROPEAN OIL ROYALTY TRUST Average Gas Prices under the OEG Agreement in Euro cents per Kilowatt hour Fiscal Quarter 2009 Gas Prices 2008 Gas Prices Percentage Change First 3 .4411 2 .1921 +56 .98% Second 3 .1818 2 .3809 +33 .64% Third 2 .1681 2 .5699 -15 .63% Fourth 1 .6487 2 .9060 -43 .27% Fiscal Year Avg . 2 .6389 2 .5066 + 5 .28% Converting gas prices into more familiar terms, using the average exchange rate, yielded a price of $10.02/Mcf, a 3.56% decrease over fiscal 2008’s average price of $10.39/Mcf. For fiscal 2009, royalties paid under the OEG Agreement were transferred at an average Euro/dollar exchange rate of $1.3534, a decrease of 8.32% from the average Euro/dollar exchange rate of $1.4762 for fiscal 2008 . Reflecting both the reduction in funds available for short term investment and the significantly lower interest rates in effect, interest income for fiscal 2009 decreased by 88.03% to $11,471 for fiscal 2009 from $95,802 for fiscal 2008. Trust expenses decreased 3.67% to $1,036,321 in fiscal 2009 from $1,075,823 in fiscal 2008 due to the earlier resolution of various legal matters raised in the examination of the royalty payments during the 2005-06 calendar years and cost savings realized through the elimination of the Trust’s quarterly mailings to unit owners . Critical Accounting Policies The financial statements, appearing subsequently in this Report, present financial statement balances and financial results on a modified cash basis of accounting, which is a comprehensive basis of accounting other than accounting principles generally accepted in the United States (“GAAP basis”) . Cash basis accounting is an accepted accounting method for royalty trusts such as the Trust . GAAP basis financial statements disclose income as earned and expenses as incurred, without regard to receipts or payments . The use of GAAP would require the Trust to accrue for expected royalty payments . This is exceedingly difficult since the Trust has very limited information on such payments until they are received and cannot accurately project such amounts . The Trust’s cash basis financial statements disclose revenue when cash is received and expenses when cash is paid . The one modification of the cash basis of accounting is that the Trust accrues for distributions to be paid to unit owners (those distributions approved by the Trustees for the Trust) . The Trust’s distributable income represents royalty income received by the Trust during the period plus interest income less any expenses incurred by the Trust, all on a cash basis. In the opinion of the Trustees, the use of the modified cash basis provides a more meaningful presentation to unit owners of the results of operations of the Trust and presents to the unit owners a more accurate calculation of income and expenses for tax reporting purposes . ___________________________________________________________ 17


  • Page 19

    NORTH EUROPEAN OIL ROYALTY TRUST This Annual Report contains forward looking statements concerning business, financial performance and financial condition of the Trust . Many of these statements are based on information provided to the Trust by the operating companies or by consultants using public information sources . These statements are subject to certain risks and uncertainties that could cause actual results to differ materially from those anticipated in any forward looking statements . These include uncertainties concerning levels of gas production and gas sale prices, general economic conditions and currency exchange rates, as well as those factors set forth above under Item 1A of the Trust’s Annual Report on Form 10-K for the fiscal year ended October 31, 2010 (the “Trust’s Form 10-K”). Actual results and events may vary significantly from those discussed in the forward looking statements . Distributions and Trading The Trust’s units of beneficial interest are listed for trading on the New York Stock Exchange under the symbol NRT. Under the Trust Agreement, the Trustees distribute to unit owners, on a quarterly basis, the net royalty income after deducting expenses and reserving limited funds for anticipated administrative expenses. As of November 30, 2010, there were 1,024 unit owners of record . The following table presents the high and low closing prices for the quarterly periods ended in fiscal 2010 and 2009 as reported by the NYSE as well as the cash distributions paid to unit owners by quarter for the past two fiscal years . Fiscal Year 2010 Low High Distribution Quarter Ended Closing Price Closing Price per Unit January 31, 2010 $30.45 $33.00 $0.50 April 30, 2010 $28.70 $32.24 $0.51 July 31, 2010 $26.08 $29.97 $0.47 October 31, 2010 $25.49 $28.57 $0.56 Fiscal Year 2009 Low High Distribution Quarter Ended Closing Price Closing Price per Unit January 31, 2009 $20.00 $33.60 $1.06 April 30, 2009 $21.80 $29.65 $0.99 July 31, 2009 $27.70 $36.70 $0.58 October 31, 2009 $28.27 $35.48 $0.38 18


  • Page 20

    NORTH EUROPEAN OIL ROYALTY TRUST The quarterly distributions to unit owners represent their undivided interest in royalty payments from sales of gas, sulfur and oil during the previous quarter. Each unit owner is entitled to recover a portion of his or her investment in these royalty rights through a cost depletion percentage . The calculation of this cost depletion percentage is set forth in detail in Attachment B to the Cost Depletion Report attached as Exhibit 99 .1 to the Trust’s Form 10-K . The Cost Depletion Report has been prepared by Davis Associates using the limited information described in Item 2 of the Trust’s Form 10-K to which reference is made . The Trustees believe that the calculations and assumptions used in the Cost Depletion Report are reasonable according to the facts and circumstances of available information . The cost depletion percentage recommended by the Trust’s independent petroleum and natural gas consultants for calendar 2010 is 8 .1743% . Specific details relative to the Trust’s income and expenses and cost depletion percentage as they apply to the calculation of taxable income for the 2010 calendar year are included on a special removable page (31-32) in this report under “2010 Tax Letter.” Additionally, the tax reporting information for 2010 is available on the Trust’s website, www .neort .com, in the section marked Tax Letters contained within the Tax Information section . The Trust does not maintain any compensation plans under which units are authorized for issuance. The Trust did not make any repurchases of Trust units during fiscal 2010, 2009 or 2008 and has never made such repurchases . Comparison of Five Year Returns The graph set forth below compares, for the last five years, the cumulative return on Trust Units, the securities in a peer group index, and the S&P 500 Composite Index. Because no published peer group index exists and the Trust has been unable to locate any royalty trusts publicly traded in the U.S. with reserves and sales in Europe, the Trustees have developed a peer group consisting of the following three domestic oil royalty trusts: Mesa Royalty Trust, Sabine Royalty Trust and San Juan Basin Royalty Trust (the “Royalty Peer Group”) . The composition of the Royalty Peer Group has been the same since the Trust’s proxy statement for its 1993 Annual Meeting of Unit Owners . While these three domestic oil royalty trusts appear to be the most comparable for comparison purposes, there are a number of differences between North European Oil Royalty and the Royalty Peer Group. As previously mentioned, the reserves and sales attributed to the royalty trusts comprising the Royalty Peer Group are located in the United States, while the reserves and sales attributed to North European Oil Royalty Trust are located in Germany . There are fundamental differences between the energy markets in the United States and Germany that affect commodity pricing and as a result severely restrict the usefulness of any comparison of their cumulative returns . 19


  • Page 21

    NORTH EUROPEAN OIL ROYALTY TRUST In determining the cumulative return on investment, it has been assumed that on October 31, 2005, an equal dollar amount was invested in the Trust Units, in the securities of the trusts of the Royalty Peer Group, and in the S&P 500 Composite Index. The comparisons assume in all cases the reinvestment of all dividends or distributions on the respective payment dates . The cumulative returns shown for the Trust and the Royalty Peer Group do not reflect any differences between the tax treatment of Trust distributions, due to permitted cost depletion, and dividends on securities in the S&P 500 Composite Index. COMPARISON OF 5 YEAR CUMULATIVE TOTAL RETURN* Among North European Oil Royalty Trust, the S&P 500 Index and a Peer Group $180 $160 $140 $120 $100 $80 $60 $40 $20 $0 10/31/05 10/31/06 10/31/07 10/31/08 10/31/09 10/31/10 North European Oil Royalty Trust S&P 500 Peer Group *$100 invested on 10/31/05 in stock or index, including reinvestment of dividends. Fiscal year ending October 31. 20


  • Page 22

    NORTH EUROPEAN OIL ROYALTY TRUST REPORT OF INDEPENDENT REGISTERED PUBLIC ACCOUNTING FIRM The Board of Trustees and Unit Owners of North European Oil Royalty Trust We have audited the accompanying statements of assets, liabilities and trust corpus of North European Oil Royalty Trust (the “Trust”) as of October 31, 2010 and 2009, and the related statements of revenue collected and expenses paid, undistributed earnings, and changes in cash and cash equivalents for each of the years in the three-year period ended October 31, 2010. The Trust’s management is responsible for these financial statements . Our responsibility is to express an opinion on these financial statements based on our audits . We conducted our audits in accordance with the standards of the Public Company Accounting Oversight Board (United States) . Those standards require that we plan and perform the audit to obtain reasonable assurance about whether the financial statements are free of material misstatement. An audit includes examining, on a test basis, evidence supporting the amounts and disclosures in the financial statements . An audit also includes assessing the accounting principles used and significant estimates made by management, as well as evaluating the overall financial statement presentation . We believe that our audits provide a reasonable basis for our opinion . As described in Note 1, these financial statements have been prepared on the modified cash basis of accounting, which is a comprehensive basis of accounting other than U.S. generally accepted accounting principles . In our opinion, the financial statements referred to above present fairly, in all material respects, the assets, liabilities and trust corpus of the Trust as of October 31, 2010 and 2009, its revenue collected and expenses paid, its undistributed earnings, and changes in its cash and cash equivalents for each of the years in the three-year period ended October 31, 2010, on the basis of accounting described in Note 1 . We also have audited, in accordance with the standards of the Public Company Accounting Oversight Board (United States), the Trust’s internal control over financial reporting as of October 31, 2010, based on criteria established in Internal Control—Integrated Framework issued by the Committee of Sponsoring Organizations of the Treadway Commission, and our report dated December 29, 2010 expressed an unqualified opinion. WeiserMazars LLP New York, NY December 29, 2010 21


  • Page 23

    22 NORTH EUROPEAN OIL ROYALTY TRUST STATEMENTS OF ASSETS, LIABILITIES AND TRUST CORPUS (NOTE 1) OCTOBER 31, 2010 AND 2009 ASSETS 2010 2009 CURRENT ASSETS: Cash and cash equivalents $ 5,211,965 $ 3,586,197 Producing gas and oil royalty rights, net of amortization (Notes 1 and 2) 1 1 Total Assets $ 5,211,966 $ 3,586,198 LIABILITIES AND TRUST CORPUS 2010 2009 CURRENT LIABILITIES: Distributions to be paid to unit owners, paid November 2010 and 2009 $ 5,146,731 $ 3,492,424 TRUST CORPUS (Notes 1 and 2) 1 1 UNDISTRIBUTED EARNINGS 65,234 93,773 Total Liabilities and Trust Corpus $ 5,211,966 $ 3,586,198 The accompanying notes are an integral part of these financial statements .


  • Page 24

    NORTH EUROPEAN OIL ROYALTY TRUST STATEMENTS OF REVENUE COLLECTED AND EXPENSES PAID (NOTE 1) FOR THE FISCAL YEARS ENDED OCTOBER 31, 2010, 2009 AND 2008 2010 2009 2008 GERMAN GAS, SULFUR AND OIL ROYALTIES RECEIVED $ 19,645,331 $ 28,724,078 $ 34,645,159 INTEREST INCOME 7,359 11,471 95,802 TRUST EXPENSES (932,425) (1,036,321) (1,075,823) NET INCOME $ 18,720,265 $ 27,699,228 $ 33,665,138 NET INCOME PER UNIT $ 2.04 $ 3.01 $ 3.66 DISTRIBUTIONS PER UNIT PAID OR TO BE PAID TO UNIT OWNERS $ 2.04 $ 3.01 $ 3.66 The accompanying notes are an integral part of these financial statements . 23


  • Page 25

    24 NORTH EUROPEAN OIL ROYALTY TRUST STATEMENTS OF UNDISTRIBUTED EARNINGS (NOTE 1) FOR THE FISCAL YEARS ENDED OCTOBER 31, 2010, 2009 AND 2008 2010 2009 2008 BALANCE, beginning of year $ 93,773 $ 58,221 $ 30,642 NET INCOME 18,720,265 27,699,228 33,665,138 18,814,038 27,757,449 33,695,780 LESS: Current year distributions paid or to be paid to unit owners 18,748,804 27,663,676 33,637,559 BALANCE, end of year $ 65,234 $ 93,773 $ 58,221 The accompanying notes are an integral part of these financial statements .


  • Page 26

    NORTH EUROPEAN OIL ROYALTY TRUST STATEMENTS OF CHANGES IN CASH AND CASH EQUIVALENTS (NOTE 1) FOR THE FISCAL YEARS ENDED OCTOBER 31, 2010, 2009 AND 2008 2010 2009 2008 SOURCES OF CASH AND CASH EQUIVALENTS: German gas, sulfur and oil royalties received $ 19,645,331 $ 28,724,078 $ 34,645,159 Interest income 7,359 11,471 95,802 19,652,690 28,735,549 34,740,961 USES OF CASH AND CASH EQUIVALENTS: Payment of Trust Expenses 932,425 1,036,321 1,075,823 Distributions paid 17,094,497 33,637,560 30,053,229 18,026,922 34,673,881 31,129,052 NET INCREASE (DECREASE) IN CASH AND CASH EQUIVALENTS, during the year 1,625,768 ( 5,938,332) 3,611,909 CASH AND CASH EQUIVALENTS, beginning of year 3,586,197 9,524,529 5,912,620 CASH AND CASH EQUIVALENTS, end of year $ 5,211,965 $ 3,586,197 $ 9,524,529 The accompanying notes are an integral part of these financial statements . 25


  • Page 27

    NORTH EUROPEAN OIL ROYALTY TRUST NOTES TO FINANCIAL STATEMENTS OCTOBER 31, 2010, 2009 AND 2008 (1) Summary of significant accounting policies: Basis of accounting - The accompanying financial statements of North European Oil Royalty Trust (the “Trust”) present financial statement balances and financial results on a modified cash basis of accounting, which is a comprehensive basis of accounting other than accounting principles generally accepted in the United States (“GAAP basis”). On a modified cash basis, revenue is earned when cash is received and expenses are incurred when cash is paid . GAAP basis financial statements disclose revenue as earned and expenses as incurred, without regard to receipts or payments. The modified cash basis of accounting is utilized to permit the accrual for distributions to be paid to unit owners (those distributions approved by the Trustees for the Trust) . The Trust’s distributable income represents royalty income received by the Trust during the period plus interest income less any expenses incurred by the Trust, all on a cash basis. In the opinion of the Trustees, the use of the modified cash basis of accounting provides a more meaningful presentation to unit owners of the results of operations of the Trust . Producing gas and oil royalty rights - The rights to certain gas and oil royalties in Germany were transferred to the Trust at their net book value by North European Oil Company (the “Company”) (see Note 2) . The net book value of the royalty rights has been reduced to one dollar ($1) in view of the fact that the remaining net book value of royalty rights is de minimis relative to annual royalties received and distributed by the Trust and does not bear any meaningful relationship to the fair value of such rights or the actual amount of proved producing reserves . Federal income taxes - The Trust, as a grantor trust, is exempt from federal income taxes under a private letter ruling issued by the Internal Revenue Service . Cash and cash equivalents - Included in cash and cash equivalents are amounts deposited in bank accounts and amounts invested in certificates of deposit and U . S . Treasury bills with original maturities of approximately three months or less from the date of purchase . The investment options available to the Trust are limited in accordance with specific provisions of the Trust Agreement. As of October 31, 2010, the uninsured amounts held in the Trust’s U.S. bank accounts were approximately $4,850,000. In addition, approximately $6,993 was held in the Trust’s German account at October 31, 2010. Net income per unit - Net income per unit is based upon the number of units outstanding at the end of the period . As of October 31, 2010, 2009 and 2008, there were 9,190,590 units of beneficial interest outstanding. 26


  • Page 28

    NORTH EUROPEAN OIL ROYALTY TRUST New accounting pronouncements – In May 2009, the FASB issued authoritative guidance relating to subsequent events, which is effective June 15, 2009. It provides guidance for disclosing events that occur after the balance sheet date, but prior to the issuance of the financial statements. The Trust adopted this authoritative guidance on July 31, 2009. The adoption of this authoritative guidance did not have a significant impact on the Trust’s financial position or operating results other than additional disclosures included in the notes to financial statements . In February 2010, FASB issued an update to this authoritative guidance, which was effective upon the issuance of the update. The Trust adopted this authoritative guidance on April 30, 2010. The update to the authoritative guidance relating to subsequent events removes the requirement for issuers to disclose the date through which subsequent events have been evaluated in both issued and revised financial statements . The adoption of this update to the authoritative guidance relating to subsequent events did not have a significant impact on the Trust’s financial position or operating results other than removing the disclosure . (2) Formation of the Trust: The Trust was formed on September 10, 1975. As of September 30, 1975, the Company was liquidated and the remaining assets and liabilities of the Company, including its royalty rights, were transferred to the Trust. The Trust, on behalf of the owners of beneficial interest in the Trust, holds overriding royalty rights covering gas and oil production in certain concessions or leases in the Federal Republic of Germany . These rights are held under contracts with local German exploration and development subsidiaries of Exxon Mobil Corp. and the Royal Dutch/Shell Group. Under these contracts, the Trust receives various percentage royalties on the proceeds of the sales of certain products from the areas involved. At the present time, royalties are received for sales of gas well gas, oil well gas, crude oil, distillate and sulfur. (3) Related party transactions: John R. Van Kirk, the Managing Director of the Trust, provides office space and services to the Trust at cost. For such office space and services, the Trust reimbursed the Managing Director $24,067, $27,470 and $28,939 in fiscal 2010, 2009 and 2008, respectively. Lawrence A. Kobrin, a Trustee of the Trust, is a Senior Counsel at Cahill Gordon & Reindel LLP, which serves as counsel to the Trust. Mr. Kobrin is no longer a partner with Cahill Gordon & Reindel LLP. For legal services, the Trust paid Cahill Gordon & Reindel LLP $97,677, $94,191 and $122,218 in fiscal 2010, 2009 and 2008, respectively. As of November 1, 2006, John H. Van Kirk, the former Managing Trustee of the Trust and the father of John R. Van Kirk, was named to the position of Founding Trustee Emeritus. For his service in such capacity, he earned $0, $5,000 and $10,000 in fiscal 2010, 2009 and 2008, respectively. John H. Van Kirk, who served as President of North European Oil Corporation and North European Oil Company from 1954-1975 and as Managing Trustee of the Trust from 1975-2006, passed away on February 25, 2009. (4) Employee benefit plan: The Trust has established a savings incentive match plan for employees (SIMPLE IRA) that is available to both employees of the Trust, one of whom is the Managing Director. The Trustees authorized the making of contributions by the Trust to the accounts of employees, on a matching basis, of up to 3% of cash compensation paid to each such employee for the 2009 and 2010 calendar years . 27


  • Page 29

    NORTH EUROPEAN OIL ROYALTY TRUST (5) Quarterly results (unaudited): The tables below summarize the quarterly results and distributions of the Trust for the fiscal years ended October 31, 2010 and 2009: Fiscal 2010 by Quarter and Year First Second Third Fourth Year Royalties received $4,894,409 $4,926,049 $4,482,847 $5,342,026 $19,645,331 Net income $4,616,291 $4,618,701 $4,316,443 $5,168,830 $18,720,265 Net income per unit $0.50 $0.50 $0.47 $0.56 $2.04 Distributions paid or to be paid $4,595,295 $4,687,201 $4,319,577 $5,146,731 $18,748,804 Distributions per unit paid or to be paid to unit owners $0.50 $0.51 $0.47 $0.56 $2.04 Fiscal 2009 by Quarter and Year First Second Third Fourth Year Royalties received $10,180,979 $9,424,837 $5,466,337 $3,651,925 $28,724,078 Net income 9,846,469 9,122,900 5,243,544 3,486,314 27,699,228 Net income per unit $1.07 $0.99 $0.57 $0.38 $3.01 Distributions paid or to be paid $9,742,025 $9,098,684 $5,330,543 $3,492,424 $27,663,676 Distributions per unit paid or to be paid to unit owners $1.06 $0.99 $0.58 $0.38 $3.01 28


  • Page 30

    NORTH EUROPEAN OIL ROYALTY TRUST Disclosure Controls and Procedures The Trust maintains disclosure controls and procedures that are designed to ensure that information required to be disclosed by the Trust is recorded, processed, summarized, accumulated and communicated to its management, which consists of the Managing Director, to allow timely decisions regarding required disclosure, and reported within the time periods specified in the Securities and Exchange Commission’s rules and forms . The Managing Director has performed an evaluation of the effectiveness of the design and operation of the Trust’s disclosure controls and procedures as of October 31, 2010. Based on that evaluation, the Managing Director concluded that the Trust’s disclosure controls and procedures were effective as of October 31, 2010. Internal Control over Financial Reporting Part A. Management’s Report on Internal Control over Financial Reporting The Trust’s management is responsible for establishing and maintaining adequate internal control over financial reporting (as such term is defined in Exchange Act Rule 13a-15(f)) for the Trust. There are inherent limitations in the effectiveness of any internal control, including the possibility of human error and the circumvention or overriding of controls. Accordingly, even effective internal controls can provide only reasonable assurance with respect to financial statement preparation. Further, because of changes in conditions, the effectiveness of internal control may vary over time . Management has evaluated the Trust’s internal control over financial reporting as of October 31, 2010. This assessment was based on criteria for effective internal control over financial reporting described in the standards promulgated by the Public Company Accounting Oversight Board and in the Internal Control-Integrated Framework issued by the Committee of Sponsoring Organizations of the Treadway Commission. Based on this evaluation, management concluded that the Trust’s internal control over financial reporting was effective as of October 31, 2010. Management’s assessment of the effectiveness of our internal control over financial reporting as of October 31, 2010 has been audited by WeiserMazars LLP, the Trust’s independent auditor, as stated in their report which follows . Part B. Attestation Report of Independent Registered Public Accounting Firm Report of Independent Registered Public Accounting Firm on Internal Control over Financial Reporting The Board of Trustees and Unit Owners of North European Oil Royalty Trust We have audited North European Oil Royalty Trust’s (the “Trust”) internal control over financial reporting as of October 31, 2010, based on criteria established in Internal Control— Integrated Framework issued by the Committee of Sponsoring Organizations of the Treadway Commission (COSO) . The Trust’s management is responsible for maintaining effective internal control over financial reporting and for its assessment of the effectiveness of internal control over financial reporting included in the accompanying Management’s Report on Internal Control over Financial Reporting . Our responsibility is to express an opinion on the Trust’s internal control over financial reporting based on our audit . 29


  • Page 31

    NORTH EUROPEAN OIL ROYALTY TRUST We conducted our audit in accordance with the standards of the Public Company Accounting Oversight Board (United States) . Those standards require that we plan and perform the audit to obtain reasonable assurance about whether effective internal control over financial reporting was maintained in all material respects . Our audit of internal control over financial reporting included obtaining an understanding of internal control over financial reporting, assessing the risk that a material weakness exists, and testing and evaluating the design and operating effectiveness of internal control based on the assessed risk . Our audit also included performing such other procedures as we considered necessary in the circumstances . We believe that our audit provides a reasonable basis for our opinion . A company’s internal control over financial reporting is a process designed to provide reasonable assurance regarding the reliability of financial reporting and the preparation of financial statements for external purposes in accordance with generally accepted accounting principles . A company’s internal control over financial reporting includes those policies and procedures that (1) pertain to the maintenance of records that, in reasonable detail, accurately and fairly reflect the transactions and dispositions of the assets of the company; (2) provide reasonable assurance that transactions are recorded as necessary to permit preparation of financial statements in accordance with generally accepted accounting principles, and that receipts and expenditures of the company are being made only in accordance with authorizations of management and directors of the company; and (3) provide reasonable assurance regarding prevention or timely detection of unauthorized acquisition, use, or disposition of the company’s assets that could have a material effect on the financial statements . Because of its inherent limitations, internal control over financial reporting may not prevent or detect misstatements. Also, projections of any evaluation of effectiveness to future periods are subject to the risk that controls may become inadequate because of changes in conditions, or that the degree of compliance with the policies or procedures may deteriorate . In our opinion, the Trust maintained, in all material respects, effective internal control over financial reporting as of October 31, 2010, based on criteria established in Internal Control— Integrated Framework issued by the COSO . We have also audited, in accordance with the standards of the Public Company Accounting Oversight Board (United States), the statements of assets, liabilities and trust corpus as of October 31, 2010, and the related statements of revenue collected and expenses paid, undistributed earnings, and changes in cash and cash equivalents for the year ended October 31, 2010 of the Trust and our report dated December 29, 2010 expressed an unqualified opinion thereon. WeiserMazars LLP New York, NY December 29, 2010 30


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    NORTH EUROPEAN OIL ROYALTY TRUST P .O . Box 456 Red Bank, New Jersey 07701 (732) 741-4008 IMPORTANT – 2010 TAX LETTER RETAIN THIS LETTER FOR PREPARATION OF YOUR 2010 INCOME TAX RETURNS THE TRUST DOES NOT FILE NOR FURNISH TO OWNERS A FORM 1099 January 3, 2011 To the Present and Former Unit Owners of North European Oil Royalty Trust: This letter sets forth the information you will require for preparation of your personal income tax return in connection with ownership of units of beneficial interest in North European Oil Royalty Trust (the “Trust”) during 2010. For federal income tax reporting purposes, each owner of units in the Trust is considered to be a grantor or substitute grantor as well as a beneficiary of the Trust. As such, you are deemed to have received your pro rata share of overriding royalties when paid to the Trust and are permitted to deduct your share of Trust expenses. Consequently, your net taxable income may not correspond exactly to the cash distributions received . TRUST DISTRIBUTIONS ARE NOT DIVIDENDS AND SHOULD NOT BE INCLUDED ON INCOME TAX RETURNS AS DIVIDEND INCOME. The Internal Revenue Service has ruled that the overriding royalty rights held by the Trust represent economic interest in oil and gas deposits. Consequently, income realized from such interests is taxable to each unit owner as ordinary income subject to cost depletion . In the initial year of ownership the original cost of the units is the basis for computing the cost depletion . In each subsequent year the basis for computing cost depletion is the adjusted cost basis for their units . This adjusted cost basis is the original cost less the cumulative amount of depletion previously taken . For example 100 units purchased at $20 per unit on January 2nd of a given year would have a cost basis of $2,000. If the cost depletion percentage for that year were 10%, you would show a cost depletion of $200 on your tax return and your adjusted cost basis for the following year would be $1,800. If you continued to hold those units through the next year and the cost depletion percentage were the same, you would show a cost depletion of $180 on your tax return and your adjusted cost basis for the following year would be $1,620. The preceding example is for illustration purposes only. Based upon computations of proved producing reserves estimated in accordance with accepted engineering analytical principles, Ralph E. Davis Associates, Inc. of Houston, Texas has recommended that the percentage to be applied to the cost basis to determine deductions for the cost depletion for the year 2010 is 8.1743% . The suggested percentage for cost depletion deduction will be adjusted annually in accordance with reported production results and revised reserve estimates . Since the above percentage covers the entire year 2010, if you owned units for only a portion of the year, you are required to prorate the percentage depletion in the ratio that the cumulative Income per Unit shown on the following schedule for the period of your ownership bears to the Total Income per Unit for the entire year . If you owned units for the period January 1, 2010 through December 31, 2010, you will be considered to have received and expended, on the cash basis, the respective totals for each unit shown in the following schedule. On the other hand, if you owned units for only a portion of that period, 31


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    NORTH EUROPEAN OIL ROYALTY TRUST then the schedule shows the amounts of income and deductible expenses reportable by you for each unit owned for the respective months. For your information, income is received between the 15th and the end of each month . Income Per Unit Expenses Per Unit January 2010 $ 0.1978 $ 0.0099 February 0 .1628 0 .0151 March 0 .1625 0 .0101 April 0 .2107 0 .0082 May 0 .1612 0 .0080 June 0 .1121 0 .0044 July 0 .2145 0 .0057 August 0 .1777 0 .0082 September 0 .2088 0 .0060 October 0 .1947 0 .0046 November 0 .0638 0 .0094 December 0 .1546 0 .0152 TOTAL 2010 $ 2.0212 $ 0.1048 Income and expenses should be reported on Federal Income Tax Form 1040, Schedule E. Please note that royalty income is generally considered portfolio income under the passive loss rules enacted by the Tax Reform Act of 1986. Under Part I, Income or Loss from Rental Real Estate and Royalties, line 1 enter property description as “oil and gas overriding royalty rights, Germany through North European Oil Royalty Trust .” Your income and expenses are calculated by multiplying the above Per Unit figures by the number of units you owned . Your income should be entered on line 4 . Expenses should be entered on line 18 as “miscellaneous Trust expenses .” Your cost depletion deduction should be entered on line 20 . This figure is derived by multiplying the total adjusted cost of all your units by .081743 . Your adjusted cost is your original cost minus depletion deducted in prior years . Your net reportable income or loss should be entered on lines 22 and 26 in Part I and on line 40 in Part V and is determined by subtracting the amounts entered on lines 18 and 20 from the amount on line 4 . All of the above entries should be adjusted for the period of time you owned your units, if you did not own them throughout 2010 . The royalty income received by the Trust represents income from Germany . Although there are no German taxes imposed on this income, this information should be considered if you have available foreign tax credits from other sources . The Trust will submit this letter and the listing of unit owners during 2010 to the Internal Revenue Service. This list will contain names, addresses and tax ID or Social Security Numbers; we suggest that you attach this letter to your tax returns . Most sincerely yours, John R . Van Kirk Managing Director 32


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    DOLLAR ROYALTIES WESTERN AND EASTERN OLDENBURG 35 30 MILLION DOLLARS 25 20 15 10 5 0 2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 Dollar Royalties by Fiscal Year EASTERN OLDENBURG WESTERN OLDENBURG 33


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    North European Oil Royalty Trust P.O. Box 456, Red Bank, NJ 07701 NORTH EUROPEAN OIL ROYALTY TRUST Trustees Managing Director Counsel Robert P. Adelman John R. Van Kirk Cahill Gordon & Reindel LLP Managing Trustee, 80 Pine Street Director or Trustee New York, N.Y. 10005 of various profit and non-profit Office of the Auditors companies Managing Director WeiserMazars LLP Suite 19A 135 West 50th Street Samuel M. Eisenstat 43 West Front Street New York, N.Y. 10020 Audit Comm. Chairman, Red Bank, N.J. 07701 Attorney; CEO, Tel: (732) 741-4008 Abjac Energy Corp.; Fax: (732) 741-3140 Director or Trustee E-Mail: neort@neort.com of several Funds Website: www.neort.com managed by SunAmerica Asset Management Corp. Petroleum and Natural Transfer Agent Gas Consultants Registrar and Transfer Co. Lawrence A. Kobrin Ralph E. Davis Associates, Inc. 10 Commerce Drive Clerk to the Trustees, 1717 St. James Place Cranford, N.J. 07016 Senior Counsel, Suite 460 Tel: (800) 368-5948 Cahill Gordon & Houston, Texas 77056 (908) 497-2300 Reindel LLP Website: www.rtco.com Willard B. Taylor Of Counsel, Sullivan and Cromwell LLP Rosalie J. Wolf Managing Partner, Botanica Capital Partners LLC A copy of the Trust’s Form 10-K Annual Report for fiscal 2010 as filed with the Securities and Exchange Commission will be sent upon written request to John R. Van Kirk, Managing Director, P.O. Box 456, Red Bank, New Jersey 07701. In addition to the 2010 10-K, other pertinent filings and documents are available at the Trust’s website, www.neort.com


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