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    Annual Report  North European Oil Royalty Trust ATTENTION: PLEASE RETAIN CRITICAL TAX INFORMATION ENCLOSED


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    In light of public health concerns related to the Coronavirus (COVID-19) outbreak, and to help protect the health and well-being of the Trust’s Unit Owners, employees and representatives, the Annual Meeting of North European Oil Royalty Trust will be held on Wednesday, February 17, 2021, in the Thoreau Room at the Courtyard Marriott, 75 Railroad St., Keene, N.H. (near the Managing Director’s office) at 11:00 a.m. Owners who cannot attend in person may observe the annual meeting and ask questions during the question period by using the following Zoom link, https://us02web.zoom.us/j/89100592013. When you enter the meeting, you will be muted. At the start of the question period if you wish to pose a question, please click on the “Participants” button at the bottom of the Zoom screen. A window will open to the right. Click on the “…” at the bottom of the window and click “Raise Hand.” You will then be called on to unmute yourself and pose their question. Unit owners are urged to vote by proxy in the manner provided in the proxy card. Table of Contents Report to Unit Owners . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1-2 Description of Trust Assets . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3 Management’s Discussion and Analysis . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4-7 Critical Accounting Policies . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 8 Report of Independent Registered Public Accounting Firm . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 9-10 Financial Statements . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 11-12 Notes to Financial Statements . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 13-15 Disclosure Controls and Procedures . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 16 Internal Control over Financial Reporting . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 16 Trustees, Administration and Important Contacts . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 17 2020 Tax Letter (Removable) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 19-22 IMPORTANT TAX INFORMATION For your convenience, the information necessary to prepare your 2020 tax return is included in the removable “2020 Tax Letter” on Pages 19 through 22. Please note that there will be no separate mailing of the tax letter. The 2020 Tax Letter is also available at the Trust’s website, www.neort.com.


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    Report to Unit Owners: FOURTH QUARTER 2020 Net income for the Trust for the fourth quarter of fiscal 2020 was $218,649, a decrease of 85.58% from net income of $1,516,063 for the fourth quarter of fiscal 2019. The Trust receives nearly all of its royalties under two royalty agreements. The Mobil Agreement is the 4% royalty rate agreement covering gas sales from the western half of a concession in the Federal Republic of Germany (the “Oldenburg concession”). The OEG Agreement is the 0.6667% royalty rate agreement covering gas sales from the entire Oldenburg concession. Total royalties under the Mobil Agreement, including sulfur royalties under the 2% Mobil Sulfur Agreement, for the fourth quarter of fiscal 2020 were reduced by negative adjustments from prior periods of ($483,809), as compared to negative adjustments totaling ($74,991) for the fourth quarter of fiscal 2019. Total royalties under the OEG Agreement for the fourth quarter of fiscal 2020 were reduced by negative adjustments from prior periods of ($213,393), as compared to negative adjustments of ($24,364) for the fourth quarter of fiscal 2019. Net income in the fourth quarter of 2020 was lower than the fourth quarter of 2019 due to the impact of these prior period adjustments as well as declines in both gas prices and gas sales. Gas sales were lower due the combination of reduced demand resulting from the economic impact of COVID-19 and the complete shutdown of Grossenkneten for its 10-year maintenance program from September 8 to October 13, 2020. The relevant details for the fourth quarters of fiscal 2020 and 2019 for gas sales under the Mobil and OEG Agreements are shown in the table below. Quarterly Gas Data Providing Basis for Fiscal Quarter Royalties 3rd Calendar Quarter 3rd Calendar Quarter Percentage Ended 9/30/2020 Ended 9/30/2019 Change Mobil Agreement: Gas Sales (Bcf1) 3.186 4.881 -34.73% Gas Prices2 (Ecents/kWh3) 0.9255 1.4612 -36.66% 4 Average Exchange Rate 1.1761 1.1004 + 6.88% Gas Royalties $395,791 $901,077 -56.08% OEG Agreement: Gas Sales (Bcf) 10.601 16.205 -34.58% Gas Prices (Ecents/kWh) 0.9438 1.4901 -36.66% Average Exchange Rate 1.1730 1.0989 + 6.74% Gas Royalties $97,128 $369,501 -73.71% 1 2 Billion cubic feet Gas prices derived from May-July period 3Euro cents per Kilowatt hour 4 Based on average Euro/dollar exchange rates of cumulative royalty transfers FISCAL 2020 REPORT For fiscal 2020, the Trust’s total royalty income decreased 51.47% to $4,050,017 from $8,344,712 in fiscal 2019. The decrease in royalty income was the result of a combination of factors including the economic impact of COVID-19, lower gas sales and gas prices and the difference in the amount of adjustments between fiscal 2020 and 2019. As in prior years, the Trust receives information concerning adjustments from the operating companies based on their final calculations of royalties payable during the previous periods as well as other required adjustments. During fiscal 2020 and 2019, these adjustments decreased royalty income by $653,916 and increased royalty income by -1-


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    $225,450, respectively. During fiscal 2020 and 2019, Mobil sulfur royalties totaled $71,280 and $150,157, respectively. The total distribution for fiscal 2020 was $0.32 per unit compared to $0.82 per unit for fiscal 2019. The Trust’s German consultant periodically contacts the representatives of the operating companies to inquire about their planned and proposed drilling and geophysical work and other general matters. The following represents a summary of the most recent information the Trust’s German consultant received from representatives of the operating companies’ unified exploration and production venture, ExxonMobil Production Deutschland GmbH (“EMPG”). The Trust is not able to confirm the accuracy of any of the information supplied by the operating companies. In addition, the operating companies are not required to take any of the actions outlined and, if they change their plans with respect to any such actions, they are not obligated to inform the Trust. Information on wells that are not named or are in preliminary planning stages is not divulged by EMPG. Doetlingen Z-3A, which had ceased production in 2013, was plugged and abandoned in 2020. Varenesch Z-1 as well as Varnhorn Z-5 and Z-10 have been secured and are awaiting final plugging and abandonment. Varnhorn Z-2 underwent a workover and several stimulation jobs to optimize performance. The surface facilities of two Carboniferous wells, Goldenstedt Z-9 and Z- 23, had suffered heavy corrosion and suspended production for four weeks during May- June 2020. Ahlhorn Z-3, a sour gas exploration/re-development well, has been postponed indefinitely due to budget reasons and low gas prices. While preliminary permit requests had been filed with the Mining Authority in October 2019, it is unclear whether drilling will commence in 2021. If drilling is started, the project duration is estimated by EMPG to be about one year. This well will attempt to reactivate the Ahlhorn field which was abandoned in 1997. Based on the limited information available, Graves & Co. Consulting LLC, the Trust’s petroleum consultant (“Graves & Co.”), has prepared and submitted their report on the cost depletion percentage applicable to Trust unit owners for calendar 2020. The 2020 cost depletion percentage of 16.5776% and related tax information is contained in the removable "2020 Tax Letter" on Pages 19 through 22 of this report. The calculation of the cost depletion percentage is based on Graves & Co.’s estimate of remaining net proved producing reserves as of October 1, 2020. (The complete text of the report is available in the Trust’s 2020 Report on Form 10-K as exhibit 99.1.) The report indicates that net Trust gas reserves decreased 26.64% to 4.524 Bcf from 6.430 Bcf on net sales for 2020 of 0.940 Bcf and a negative reserve adjustment of 0.966 Bcf. Respectfully submitted, John R. Van Kirk December 30, 2020 Managing Director -2-


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    Description of Trust Assets The properties of the Trust, which the Trust and Trustees hold pursuant to the Trust Agreement on behalf of the unit owners, are overriding royalty rights on sales of gas, sulfur and oil under the Oldenburg concession. The Oldenburg concession covers approximately 1,386,000 acres, is located in the German federal state of Lower Saxony, and is the area from which natural gas, sulfur and oil are extracted. The Oldenburg concession currently provides 100% of all the royalties received by the Trust. The Oldenburg concession is held by Mobil Erdgas-Erdol GmbH ("Mobil Erdgas"), a German operating subsidiary of ExxonMobil, and by Oldenburgische Erdolgesellschaft ("OEG"). BEB Erdgas und Erdol GmbH (“BEB”), a joint venture in which ExxonMobil and the Royal Dutch/Shell Group each own 50%, administers the concession held by OEG. In 2002, Mobil Erdgas and BEB formed EMPG to carry out all exploration, drilling and production activities. All sales activities upon which the calculation of royalties is based are still handled by either Mobil Erdgas or BEB (the “operating companies”). Under the Mobil Agreement covering the western part of the Oldenburg concession (approximately 662,000 acres), the Trust receives a royalty payment of 4% on gross receipts from sales by Mobil Erdgas of gas well gas, oil well gas, crude oil and condensate. Under the Mobil Agreement there is no deduction of costs prior to the calculation of royalties from gas well gas and oil well gas. Historically, the Trust has received significantly greater royalty payments under the Mobil Agreement (as compared to the OEG Agreement described below) due to the higher royalty rate specified by that agreement. The Trust is also entitled under an agreement with Mobil Erdgas to receive a 2% royalty on gross receipts of sales of sulfur obtained as a by-product of sour gas produced from the western part of Oldenburg (the “Mobil Sulfur Agreement”). The payment of the sulfur royalty is conditioned upon sales of sulfur by Mobil Erdgas at a selling price above an agreed upon base price adjusted annually by an inflation index. When the average quarterly selling price falls below the indexed base price, no sulfur royalties are paid. Sulfur royalties under the Mobil Agreement totaled $71,280 and $150,157 during fiscal 2020 and 2019, respectively. Under the OEG Agreement covering the entire Oldenburg concession, the Trust receives royalties at the rate of 0.6667% on gross receipts from sales by BEB of gas well gas, oil well gas, crude oil, condensate and sulfur less a certain allowed deduction of costs. Under the OEG Agreement, 50% of the field handling and treatment costs as reported for state royalty purposes are deducted from the gross sales receipts prior to the calculation of the royalty to be paid to the Trust. Vermilion Energy Inc. (“Vermilion”), a Canadian based international oil and gas producer, entered into a Farm-In Agreement (the “Farm-In Agreement”) with Mobil Erdgas and BEB effective as of January 1, 2016. The Farm-In Agreement does not impact the Trust’s royalty interests. The Trust has been advised by its consultant in Germany that, based on the consultant’s conversations with EMPG employees and other sources, Vermilion has acquired an interest in various portions of a concession or areas owned by Mobil Erdgas and BEB pursuant to the Farm-In Agreement. As of the date of this report, no drilling or development work within the Oldenburg concession has been done by Vermilion, and the Trust is unaware of any potential extension of the Farm-In Agreement beyond 2020. -3-


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    Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations Executive Summary The Trust is a passive fixed investment trust which holds overriding royalty rights, receives income under those rights from certain operating companies, pays its expenses and distributes the remaining net funds to its unit owners. As mandated by the Trust Agreement, distributions of income are made on a quarterly basis. These distributions, as determined by the Trustees, constitute substantially all of the funds on hand after provision is made for Trust expenses then anticipated. The Trust does not engage in any business or extractive operations of any kind in the areas over which it holds royalty rights and is precluded from engaging in such activities by the Trust Agreement. There are no requirements, therefore, for capital resources with which to make capital expenditures or investments in order to continue the receipt of royalty revenues by the Trust. The operating companies pay royalties to the Trust based on their sales of natural gas, sulfur and oil. Of these three products, natural gas provided approximately 94% of the total royalties in fiscal 2020. The amount of royalties paid to the Trust is primarily based on four factors: the amount of gas sold, the area from which the gas is sold, the price of that gas and the exchange rate. For purposes of the royalty calculation, the determination of the gas price is explained in detail in the following two paragraphs. On August 26, 2016, the Mobil and OEG Agreements were amended establishing a new base for the determination of gas prices upon which the Trust’s royalties are calculated. This new base is set as the state assessment base for natural gas used by the operating companies in their calculation of royalties payable to the State of Lower Saxony. This change reflects a shift from the use of gas ex-field prices (“contractual prices”) to the prices calculated for the German Border Import gas Price (“GBIP”). For royalty calculations, the average GBIP used under the Mobil and OEG Royalty Agreements has been and will continue to be increased by 1% and 3%, respectively. The change to the GBIP was intended to be revenue neutral for the Trust in comparison to the previous pricing methodology. Additionally, this change was intended to reduce the scope and cost of the accounting examination, eliminate ongoing disputes with OEG and Mobil regarding sales to related parties, and reduce prior year adjustments to the normally scheduled year-end reconciliation. The pricing basis has eliminated certain costs (transportation and plant gas storage) that were previously deductible prior to the royalty calculation under the OEG Agreement. There are two types of natural gas found within the Oldenburg concession, sweet gas and sour gas. Sweet gas has little or no contaminants and needs no treatment before it can be sold. Sour gas, in comparison, must be processed at the Grossenkneten desulfurization plant before it can be sold. The desulfurization process removes hydrogen sulfide and other contaminants. The hydrogen sulfide in gaseous form is converted to sulfur in a solid form, which is sold separately. With full operation of the two units, raw gas input capacity stands at approximately 400 million cubic feet (“MMcf”) per day. As needed, EMPG conducts maintenance on the plant generally during the summer months when demand is lower. As part of the regular 10-year scheduled maintenance, Grossenkneten underwent an overhaul from September 8, 2020 through October 13, 2020. During this time the plant was completely shut down and no sour gas was processed. Since sour gas accounts for 75% of overall gas sales and 98% of western gas sales, this shutdown significantly impacted royalty income during the fourth quarter of fiscal 2020 and will likely impact royalty income during the upcoming first quarter of fiscal 2021. -4-


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    The Trust has no means of ensuring continued income from overriding royalty rights at their present level or otherwise. The Trust’s consultant in Germany provides general information to the Trust on the German and European economies and energy markets. This information provides a context in which to evaluate the actions of the operating companies. The Trust's consultant receives reports from EMPG with respect to current and planned drilling and exploration efforts. However, EMPG and the operating companies continue to limit the information flow to that which is required by German law, and the Trust is not able to confirm the accuracy of any of the information supplied by EMPG or the operating companies. The Trust has previously distributed information regarding the negative adjustment of Euros 444,931 that is being carried over to the first quarter of fiscal 2021. Given the level of expected royalty payments for the first quarter of fiscal 2021 based upon the prior calendar quarter’s actual royalties paid, the Trust anticipates the royalties for the first quarter of fiscal 2021 will be almost completely offset by this negative adjustment. It is possible that the anticipated royalties for the first quarter of fiscal 2021 may be increased by a positive end of quarter royalty adjustment in January; however, the two-week total shutdown of the Grossenkneten desulfurization plant in early October may reduce the potential for such a positive adjustment. No assurances with respect to any positive end of quarter royalty adjustment can be given at this time. Results: Fiscal 2020 versus Fiscal 2019 For fiscal 2020, the Trust’s gross royalty income decreased 51.47% to $4,050,017 from $8,344,712 in fiscal 2019. The decrease in the amount of royalty income resulted in the lower distribution. The total distribution for fiscal 2020 was $0.32 per unit compared to $0.82 per unit for fiscal 2019. Gas prices and gas sales under both royalty agreements declined significantly while the average exchange rates were only down slightly. The royalty income attributable to gas sales under the Mobil Agreement in fiscal 2020 decreased by $2,084,772 as compared to fiscal 2019. Royalty income attributable to gas sales under the OEG Agreement in fiscal 2020 decreased by $1,108,806 as compared to fiscal 2019. As in prior years, the Trust receives adjustments from the operating companies based on their final calculations of royalties payable during the previous periods. During fiscal 2020, the adjustments based on royalties payable for 2017, 2018 and 2019 decreased royalty income by $653,916. During fiscal 2019, the adjustments based on royalties payable for 2018 increased royalty income by $225,450. In fiscal 2020 and 2019, Mobil sulfur royalties totaled $71,280 and $150,157, respectively. Gas sales under the Mobil Agreement decreased 15.86% to 17.259 Billion cubic feet (“Bcf”) in fiscal 2020 from 20.513 Bcf in fiscal 2019. The most significant factor resulting in the decrease in gas sales for 2020 was the negative impact of COVID-19 on the German, European and global economies. In addition, according to the Trust’s consultant in Germany, it is likely that some portion of the decline in gas production is due to the normal reduction in well pressure that is experienced over time. -5-


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    Quarterly and Yearly Gas Sales under the Mobil Agreement in Billion cubic feet Fiscal Quarter 2020 Gas Sales 2019 Gas Sales Percentage Change First 4.884 5.535 - 11.76% Second 4.624 5.195 - 10.99% Third 4.565 4.902 - 6.87% Fourth 3.186 4.881 - 34.73% Fiscal Year Total 17.259 20.513 - 15.86% Average prices for gas sold under the Mobil Agreement decreased 30.10% to 1.3185 Euro cents per kilowatt hour (“€cents/kWh”) in fiscal 2020 from 1.8862 €cents/kWh in fiscal 2019. Average Gas Prices under the Mobil Agreement in Euro cents per Kilowatt Hour 2020 Average 2019 Average Fiscal Quarter Gas Prices Gas Prices Percentage Change First 1.3550 2.0582 - 34.17% Second 1.6349 2.1250 - 23.06% Third 1.2326 1.8620 - 33.80% Fourth 0.9255 1.4612 - 36.66% Fiscal Year Average 1.3185 1.8862 - 30.10% Converting gas prices into more familiar terms, using the average exchange rate, yielded a price of $4.21 per thousand cubic feet (“Mcf”), a 30.76% decrease from fiscal 2019’s average price of $6.08/Mcf. For fiscal 2020, royalties paid under the Mobil Agreement were converted and transferred at an average Euro/U.S. dollar exchange rate of $1.1145, a decrease of 0.73% from the average Euro/U.S. dollar exchange rate of $1.1227 for fiscal 2019. Average Euro Exchange Rate under the Mobil Agreement 2020 Average 2019 Average Fiscal Quarter Euro Exchange Rate Euro Exchange Rate Percentage Change First 1.1105 1.1349 - 2.15% Second 1.0943 1.1267 - 2.88% Third 1.1143 1.1202 - 0.53% Fourth 1.1761 1.1004 + 6.88% Fiscal Year Average 1.1145 1.1227 - 0.73% Excluding the effects of differences in prices and average exchange rates, the combination of royalty rates on gas sold from western Oldenburg results in an effective royalty rate approximately seven times higher than the royalty rate on gas sold from eastern Oldenburg. This is of particular significance to the Trust since gas sold from western Oldenburg provides the bulk of royalties paid to the Trust. For fiscal 2020, the volume of gas sold from western Oldenburg accounted for only 30.91% of the volume of all gas sales. However, western Oldenburg gas royalties provided approximately 81.43% or $3,100,714 out of a total of $3,807,678 in overall Oldenburg gas royalties. Gas sales under the OEG Agreement decreased 16.55% to 55.841 Bcf in fiscal 2020 from 66.912 Bcf in fiscal 2019. The most significant factor resulting in the decrease in gas sales for 2020 was the -6-


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    negative impact of COVID-19 on the German, European and global economies. In addition, according to the Trust’s consultant in Germany, it is likely that some portion of the decline in gas production is due to the normal reduction in well pressure that is experienced over time. Quarterly and Yearly Gas Sales under the OEG Agreement in Billion cubic feet Fiscal Quarter 2020 Gas Sales 2019 Gas Sales Percentage Change First 16.026 17.536 - 8.61% Second 15.266 16.851 - 9.41% Third 13.948 16.320 - 14.53% Fourth 10.601 16.205 - 34.58% Fiscal Year Total 55.841 66.912 - 16.55% Average gas prices for gas sold under the OEG Agreement decreased 29.91% to 1.3458 €cents/kWh in fiscal 2020 from 1.9200 €cents/kWh in fiscal 2019. Average Gas Prices under the OEG Agreement in Euro cents per Kilowatt Hour 2020 Average 2019 Average Fiscal Quarter Gas Prices Gas Prices Percentage Change First 1.3818 2.0989 - 34.17% Second 1.6672 2.1670 - 23.06% Third 1.2570 1.8988 - 33.80% Fourth 0.9438 1.4901 - 36.66% Fiscal Year Average 1.3458 1.9200 - 29.91% Converting gas prices into more familiar terms, using the average exchange rate, yielded a price of $4.18/Mcf, a 30.56% decrease from fiscal 2019’s average price of $6.02/Mcf. For fiscal 2020, royalties paid under the OEG Agreement were converted and transferred at an average Euro/U.S. dollar exchange rate of $1.1114, a decrease of 0.99% from the average Euro/U.S. dollar exchange rate of $1.1225 for fiscal 2019. Average Euro Exchange Rate under the OEG Agreement 2020 Average 2019 Average Fiscal Quarter Euro Exchange Rate Euro Exchange Rate Percentage Change First 1.1115 1.1352 - 2.09% Second 1.0955 1.1267 - 2.77% Third 1.1141 1.1187 - 0.41% Fourth 1.1730 1.0989 + 6.74% Fiscal Year Average 1.1114 1.1225 - 0.99% Interest income for fiscal 2020 of $2,853 decreased from interest income of $14,451 for fiscal 2019 due to reduced royalty income and lower interest rates in effect. Trust expenses decreased $14,591, or 1.87%, to $766,507 in fiscal 2020 from $781,098 in fiscal 2019 due to the reduced office expenses associated with the conversion to a virtual office and reduced Trustees’ fees as specified in the provisions of the Trust Agreement. -7-


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    Critical Accounting Policies The financial statements, appearing subsequently in this Report, present financial statement balances and financial results on a modified cash basis of accounting, which is a comprehensive basis of accounting other than accounting principles generally accepted in the United States (“GAAP basis”). Cash basis accounting is an accepted accounting method for royalty trusts such as the Trust. GAAP basis financial statements disclose income as earned and expenses as incurred, without regard to receipts or payments. The use of GAAP would require the Trust to accrue for expected royalty payments. This is exceedingly difficult since the Trust has very limited information on such payments until they are received and cannot accurately project such amounts. The Trust’s cash basis financial statements disclose revenue when cash is received and expenses when cash is paid. The one modification of the cash basis of accounting is that the Trust accrues for distributions to be paid to unit owners (those distributions approved by the Trustees for the Trust). The Trust's distributable income represents royalty income received by the Trust during the period plus interest income less any expenses incurred by the Trust, all on a cash basis. In the opinion of the Trustees, the use of the modified cash basis provides a more meaningful presentation to unit owners of the results of operations of the Trust and presents to the unit owners a more accurate calculation of income and expenses for tax reporting purposes. ___________________________________________________________ This Annual Report may contain forward-looking statements intended to qualify for the safe harbor from liability established by the Private Securities Litigation Reform Act of 1995. Such statements address future expectations and events or conditions concerning the Trust. Many of these statements are based on information provided to the Trust by the operating companies or by consultants using public information sources. These statements are subject to certain risks and uncertainties that could cause actual results to differ materially from those anticipated in any forward-looking statements. These include: x risks and uncertainties concerning levels of gas production and gas sale prices, general economic conditions and currency exchange rates; x the ability or willingness of the operating companies to perform under their contractual obligations with the Trust; x potential disputes with the operating companies and the resolution thereof; and x the effects of the novel coronavirus identified as “COVID-19” on our financial results. All such factors are difficult to predict, contain uncertainties that may materially affect actual results, and are generally beyond the control of the Trust. New factors emerge from time to time and it is not possible for the Trust to predict all such factors or to assess the impact of each such factor on the Trust. Any forward-looking statement speaks only as of the date on which such statement is made, and the Trust does not undertake any obligation to update any forward-looking statement to reflect events or circumstances after the date on which such statement is made. -8-


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    REPORT OF INDEPENDENT REGISTERED PUBLIC ACCOUNTING FIRM To the Board of Trustees and the Unit Owners of North European Oil Royalty Trust Opinion on the Financial Statements We have audited the accompanying statements of assets, liabilities and trust corpus of North European Oil Royalty Trust (the “Trust”) as of October 31, 2020 and 2019, and the related statements of revenue collected and expenses paid, undistributed earnings, and changes in cash and cash equivalents for each of the two years in the period ended October 31, 2020, and the related notes (collectively referred to as the “financial statements”). In our opinion, the financial statements present fairly, in all material respects, the financial position of the Company as of October 31, 2020 and 2019, and its revenue collected and expenses paid, and changes in its cash and cash equivalents for each of the two years in the period ended October 31, 2020, in conformity with accounting principles generally accepted in the United States of America. Basis for Opinion These financial statements are the responsibility of the Company’s management. Our responsibility is to express an opinion on the Company’s financial statements based on our audits. We are a public accounting firm registered with the Public Company Accounting Oversight Board (United States) (PCAOB) and are required to be independent with respect to the Company in accordance with the U.S. federal securities laws and the applicable rules and regulations of the Securities and Exchange Commission and the PCAOB. We conducted our audits in accordance with the standards of the PCAOB. Those standards require that we plan and perform the audit to obtain reasonable assurance about whether the financial statements are free of material misstatement, whether due to error or fraud. The Company is not required to have, nor were we engaged to perform, an audit of its internal control over financial reporting. As part of our audits, we are required to obtain an understanding of internal control over financial reporting, but not for the purpose of expressing an opinion on the effectiveness of the Company’s internal control over financial reporting. Accordingly, we express no such opinion. Our audits included performing procedures to assess the risks of material misstatement of the financial statements, whether due to error or fraud, and performing procedures that respond to those risks. Such procedures included examining, on a test basis, evidence regarding the amounts and disclosures in the financial statements. Our audits also included evaluating the accounting principles used and significant estimates made by management, as well as evaluating the overall presentation of the financial statements. We believe that our audits provide a reasonable basis for our opinion. -9-


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    Basis of Accounting As described in Note 1, these financial statements have been prepared on the modified cash basis of accounting, which is a comprehensive basis of accounting other than accounting principles generally accepted in the United States of America. Mazars USA LLP We have served as the Trust’s auditor since 2006. New York, NY December 30, 2020 - 10 -


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    NORTH EUROPEAN OIL ROYALTY TRUST STATEMENTS OF ASSETS, LIABILITIES AND TRUST CORPUS (NOTE 1) OCTOBER 31, 2020 AND 2019 ASSETS 2020 2019 Current assets - - Cash and cash equivalents $649,585 $1,590,893 Producing gas and oil royalty rights, net of amortization (Notes 1 and 2) 1 1 Total Assets $649,586 $1,590,894 LIABILITIES AND TRUST CORPUS 2020 2019 Current liabilities - - Distributions to be paid to unit owners, paid November 2020 and 2019 $183,811 $1,470,494 Trust corpus (Notes 1 and 2) 1 1 Undistributed earnings 465,774 120,399 Total Liabilities and Trust Corpus $649,586 $1,590,894 NORTH EUROPEAN OIL ROYALTY TRUST STATEMENTS OF REVENUE COLLECTED AND EXPENSES PAID (NOTE 1) FOR THE FISCAL YEARS ENDED OCTOBER 31, 2020 AND 2019 2020 2019 Gas, sulfur and oil royalties received $4,050,017 $8,344,712 Interest income 2,853 14,451 Trust Income $4,052,870 $8,359,163 Non-related party expenses ($715,490) ($703,351) Related party expenses (Note 3) (51,017) (77,747) Trust Expenses ($766,507) ($781,098) Net Income $3,286,363 $7,578,065 Net income per unit $0.36 $0.82 Distributions per unit paid or to be paid to unit owners $0.32 $0.82 The accompanying notes are an integral part of these financial statements. - 11 -


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    NORTH EUROPEAN OIL ROYALTY TRUST STATEMENTS OF UNDISTRIBUTED EARNINGS (NOTE 1) FOR THE FISCAL YEARS ENDED OCTOBER 31, 2020 AND 2019 2020 2019 Balance, beginning of year $120,399 $78,618 Net income 3,286,363 7,578,065 $3,406,762 $7,656,683 Less: Current year distributions paid or to be paid to unit owners 2,940,988 7,536,284 Balance, end of year $465,774 $120,399 NORTH EUROPEAN OIL ROYALTY TRUST STATEMENTS OF CHANGES IN CASH AND CASH EQUIVALENTS (NOTE 1) FOR THE FISCAL YEARS ENDED OCTOBER 31, 2020 AND 2019 2020 2019 Sources of Cash and Cash Equivalents: Gas, sulfur and oil royalties received $4,050,017 $8,344,712 Interest income 2,853 14,451 $4,052,870 $8,359,163 Uses of Cash and Cash Equivalents: Payment of Trust expenses $766,507 $781,098 Distributions paid 4,227,671 7,444,379 $4,994,178 $8,225,477 Net increase (decrease) in cash and cash equivalents during the year (941,308) 133,686 Cash and cash equivalents, beginning of year 1,590,893 1,457,207 Cash and cash equivalents, end of year $649,585 $1,590,893 The accompanying notes are an integral part of these financial statements. - 12 -


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    NORTH EUROPEAN OIL ROYALTY TRUST NOTES TO FINANCIAL STATEMENTS OCTOBER 31, 2020 AND 2019 (1) Summary of significant accounting policies: Basis of accounting - The accompanying financial statements of North European Oil Royalty Trust (the “Trust”) are prepared in accordance with the rules and regulations of the SEC. Financial statement balances and financial results are presented on a modified cash basis of accounting, which is a comprehensive basis of accounting other than accounting principles generally accepted in the United States (“GAAP basis”). In the opinion of management, all adjustments that are considered necessary for a fair presentation of these financial statements, including adjustments of a normal, recurring nature, have been included. On a modified cash basis, revenue is earned when cash is received and expenses are incurred when cash is paid. GAAP basis financial statements disclose revenue as earned and expenses as incurred, without regard to receipts or payments. The modified cash basis of accounting is utilized to permit the accrual for distributions to be paid to unit owners (those distributions approved by the Trustees for the Trust). The Trust’s distributable income represents royalty income received by the Trust during the period plus interest income less any expenses incurred by the Trust, all on a cash basis. In the opinion of the Trustees, the use of the modified cash basis of accounting provides a more meaningful presentation to unit owners of the results of operations of the Trust. The Trust receives adjustments from the operating companies based on their final calculations of royalties payable during the prior periods, including the immediately preceding calendar quarter. Negative adjustments are carried over to the succeeding quarter. A negative adjustment of Euros 444,931 from the fourth quarter of fiscal 2020 will be carried over and offset against future royalty revenue received in the first quarter of fiscal 2021. Producing gas and oil royalty rights - The rights to certain gas and oil royalties in Germany were transferred to the Trust at their net book value by North European Oil Company (the “Company”) (see Note 2). The net book value of the royalty rights has been reduced to one dollar ($1) in view of the fact that the remaining net book value of royalty rights is de minimis relative to annual royalties received and distributed by the Trust and does not bear any meaningful relationship to the fair value of such rights or the actual amount of proved producing reserves. Federal and state income taxes - The Trust, as a grantor trust and also under a private letter ruling issued by the Internal Revenue Service, is exempt from federal income taxes. The Trust has no state income tax obligations. - 13 -


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    Cash and cash equivalents - Cash and cash equivalents are defined as amounts deposited in bank accounts and amounts invested in certificates of deposit and U. S. Treasury bills with original maturities generally of three months or less from the date of purchase. The investment options available to the Trust are limited in accordance with specific provisions of the Trust Agreement. As of October 31, 2020, the uninsured amounts held in the Trust’s U.S. bank accounts were $387,960. In addition, the Trust held Euros 9,977, the equivalent of $11,626, in its German bank account at October 31, 2020. Net income per unit - Net income per unit is based upon the number of units outstanding at the end of the period. As of October 31, 2020 and 2019, there were 9,190,590 units of beneficial interest outstanding. New accounting pronouncements – The Trust is not aware of any recently issued, but not yet effective, accounting standards that would be expected to have a significant impact on the Trust’s financial position or results of operations. (2) Formation of the Trust: The Trust was formed on September 10, 1975. As of September 30, 1975, the Company was liquidated and the remaining assets and liabilities of the Company, including its royalty rights, were transferred to the Trust. The Trust, on behalf of the owners of beneficial interest in the Trust, holds overriding royalty rights covering gas and oil production in certain concessions or leases in the Federal Republic of Germany. These rights are held under contracts with local German exploration and development subsidiaries of ExxonMobil Corp. and the Royal Dutch/Shell Group of Companies. Under these contracts, the Trust receives various percentage royalties on the proceeds of the sales of certain products from the areas involved. At the present time, royalties are received for sales of gas well gas, oil well gas, crude oil, condensate and sulfur. (3) Related party transactions: John R. Van Kirk, the Managing Director of the Trust, provides office services to the Trust at cost. For such office services, the Trust reimbursed the Managing Director $4,020 and $26,166 in fiscal 2020 and 2019, respectively. Lawrence A. Kobrin, a Trustee of the Trust, is no longer a partner of the firm but remains a Senior Counsel at Cahill Gordon & Reindel LLP, which serves as counsel to the Trust. For legal services, the Trust paid Cahill Gordon & Reindel LLP $46,997 and $51,581 in fiscal 2020 and 2019, respectively. (4) Employee benefit plan: The Trust has established a savings incentive match plan for employees (SIMPLE IRA) that is available to both employees of the Trust, one of whom is the Managing Director. The Trustees authorized the making of contributions by the Trust to the accounts of employees, on a matching basis, of up to 3% of cash compensation paid to each such employee for the 2020 and 2019 calendar years. - 14 -


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    (5) Quarterly results (unaudited): The tables below summarize the quarterly results and distributions of the Trust for the fiscal years ended October 31, 2020 and 2019: Fiscal 2020 by Quarter and Year First Second Third Fourth Year Royalties received $1,025,965 $1,275,824 $1,399,614 $348,614 $4,050,017 Net income $747,737 $1,041,902 $1,278,075 $218,649 $3,286,363 Net income per unit $0.08 $0.11 $0.14 $0.02 $0.36 Distributions paid or to be paid $735,247 $1,010,965 $1,010,965 $183,811 $2,940,988 Distributions per unit paid or to be paid to unit owners $0.08 $0.11 $0.11 $0.02 $0.32 Fiscal 2019 by Quarter and Year First Second Third Fourth Year Royalties received $2,303,000 $2,235,350 $2,146,227 $1,660,135 $8,344,712 Net income $2,037,785 $2,001,753 $2,022,464 $1,516,063 $7,578,065 Net income per unit $0.22 $0.22 $0.22 $0.16 $0.82 Distributions paid or to be paid $2,021,930 $2,021,930 $2,021,930 $1,470,494 $7,536,284 Distributions per unit paid or to be paid to unit owners $0.22 $0.22 $0.22 $0.16 $0.82 - 15 -


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    Disclosure Controls and Procedures The Trust maintains disclosure controls and procedures that are designed to ensure that information required to be disclosed by the Trust is recorded, processed, summarized, accumulated and communicated to its management, which consists of the Managing Director, to allow timely decisions regarding required disclosure, and reported within the time periods specified in the Securities and Exchange Commission’s rules and forms. The Managing Director has performed an evaluation of the effectiveness of the design and operation of the Trust’s disclosure controls and procedures as of October 31, 2020. Based on that evaluation, the Managing Director concluded that the Trust’s disclosure controls and procedures were effective as of October 31, 2020. Internal Control over Financial Reporting Part A. Management’s Report on Internal Control over Financial Reporting The Trust’s management is responsible for establishing and maintaining adequate internal control over financial reporting (as such term is defined in Exchange Act Rule 13a-15(f)) for the Trust. There are inherent limitations in the effectiveness of any internal control, including the possibility of human error and the circumvention or overriding of controls. Accordingly, even effective internal controls can provide only reasonable assurance with respect to financial statement preparation. Further, because of changes in conditions, the effectiveness of internal control may vary over time. Management has evaluated the Trust’s internal control over financial reporting as of October 31, 2020. This assessment was based on criteria for effective internal control over financial reporting described in the standards promulgated by the Public Company Accounting Oversight Board and in the Internal Control-Integrated Framework (2013) issued by the Committee of Sponsoring Organizations of the Treadway Commission (COSO). Based on this evaluation, management concluded that the Trust’s internal control over financial reporting was effective as of October 31, 2020. - 16 -


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    [This Page Intentionally Left Blank] - 17 -


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    NORTH EUROPEAN OIL ROYALTY TRUST Trustees Managing Director Counsel Robert P. Adelman John R. Van Kirk Cahill Gordon & Reindel Managing Trustee, 32 Old Slip Director or Trustee New York, NY 10005 of various profit and non-profit Office of the companies Managing Director Auditors PO Box 187 Mazars USA LLP 5 N. Lincoln St. 135 West 50th Street Ahron H. Haspel Keene, NH 03431 New York, NY 10020 Audit Comm. Chairman Tel: (732) 741-4008 Member of the Board E-Mail: neort@neort.com of Directors of Website: www.neort.com Hanover Bank Corp. Lawrence A. Kobrin Clerk to the Trustees, Petroleum and Natural Transfer Agent Senior Counsel, Gas Consultants American Stock Transfer & Cahill Gordon & Graves and Co. Trust Company, LLC Reindel LLP Consulting, LLC 6201 15th Avenue 2777 Allen Parkway Brooklyn, NY 11219 Suite 1200 Tel: (800) 937-5449 Houston, TX 77019 (718) 921-8200 Nancy J. Prue E-Mail: help@astfinancial.com A Director of the Website: www.astfinancial.com National Assoc. of Petroleum Investment Analysts Willard B. Taylor Of Counsel, Sullivan and Cromwell LLP A copy of the Trust’s Form 10-K Annual Report for fiscal 2020 as filed with the Securities and Exchange Commission will be sent upon written request to John R. Van Kirk, Managing Director, P.O. Box 187, Keene, New Hampshire 03431. In addition to the 2020 10-K, other pertinent filings and documents are available on the Trust’s website. www.neort.com -1 -


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    North European Oil Royalty Trust P.O. Box 187 Keene, New Hampshire 03431 (732) 741-4008 IMPORTANT – 2020 TAX LETTER RETAIN THIS LETTER FOR PREPARATION OF YOUR 2020 INCOME TAX RETURNS January 1, 2021 To the Current and Former Unit Owners of North European Oil Royalty Trust: There are three parts to the tax letter. PART ONE applies to all unit owners. PART TWO applies to unit owners who have held their units for the entire year. PART THREE applies to unit owners who have held their units for only a portion of the year. The following is provided to assist current and former unit owners of North European Oil Royalty Trust (the “Trust”) to prepare their personal income tax returns for the tax year ended December 31, 2020. This letter serves to assist Owners, and their tax professionals, in determining the accurate and true income from the Trust for income tax reporting purpose. Further, this letter is for informational purposes and neither the Trust nor Trust employees intend, nor may it be construed, for this letter to serve as either TEAR OUT HERE legal or tax advice. It is recommended that you seek the advice of your trusted tax professional or attorney should you require further guidance. PART ONE – ALL UNIT OWNERS To determine your proportional and, therefore, reportable, share of Trust income you must first know how many Trust units you owned during 2020, the periods during which you owned the units, and the cost or tax basis of the units. The information contained in this letter is applicable to those unit owners who held their units for either the entire year or only a portion of the year. Please note that Trust distributions are not dividends and should not be included on your income tax return as dividend income. The Trust is considered a “grantor trust” for federal income tax purposes and each unit owner is deemed a “grantor” of the Trust. As such, unit owners realize income, in proportion to the owned units, when royalty income is paid to the Trust. Further, unit owners may deduct, from income, a proportional share of Trust expenses. Because realization of proportional Trust income and expenses is a time sensitive inquiry, you should not use the amount of quarterly Trust distributions received for income tax reporting purposes. Additionally, you should disregard the amounts listed on any 2020 Form 1099-Misc you receive from your broker or other nominee. The listed amounts are incomplete because they do not include your proportional share of Trust expenses and/or the cost depletion allowance. Income and expenses should be reported on Federal Income Tax Form 1040, Schedule E. Royalty income is generally considered portfolio income under the passive loss rules enacted by the Tax Reform Act of 1986. Under Part I, Income or Loss from Rental Real Estate and Royalties, under Line 1b the type of property is royalties. Royalty income should be entered on Line 4, expenses should be entered on Line 19 as "miscellaneous Trust expenses" and the cost depletion deduction should be entered on Line 18. Some tax preparation computer programs ask for a tax identification number. North European Oil Royalty Trust's tax identification number is 22-2084119. - 19 -


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    A unit owner may be entitled to cost depletion for tax reporting purposes. At the outset, in the first year of ownership, the unit owner’s cost or tax basis for the units is the basis for computing cost depletion. In each subsequent year, the basis for computing cost depletion is that original cost less the cumulative amount of depletion previously taken. The Trust retains Graves & Co. Consulting, LLC, of Houston, Texas, a petroleum engineering company, to calculate the cost depletion percentage each year. The cost depletion percentage is calculated based upon computations of proved producing reserves estimated in accordance with accepted engineering analytical principles. Graves & Co. Consulting, LLC has recommended an annual cost depletion percentage of 16.5776% for the 2020 calendar year. The IRS periodically changes the format for Schedule E (including the line numbers and descriptions), and may do so even after the date of this letter, so please make certain you follow the Form 1040 Schedule E directions carefully and enter the information on the correct lines. The Trust’s royalty income represents income from Germany. Although Germany does not tax the royalty income received by the Trust, this information should be considered if you have available foreign tax credits from other sources. The Trust will submit this letter and the listing of unit owners during 2020 to the Internal Revenue Service. This list will contain names, addresses and tax ID or Social Security Numbers. You may wish to attach a copy of this letter to your tax returns. This letter does not constitute legal or tax advice. Neither the Trust nor its employees may offer tax or legal advice relevant to your unique situation. The Trust recommends that you direct any questions to your tax advisor or attorney. PART TWO – OWNERSHIP OF UNITS FOR THE ENTIRE YEAR A. If you owned all your units for the entire year, you would calculate your royalty income by multiplying the number of units you owned by $0.3789. On Federal Income Tax Form 1040, Schedule E, royalty income should be entered on Line 4. B. If you owned all your units for the entire year, you would calculate your expenses by multiplying the number of units you owned by $0.0732. On Federal Income Tax Form 1040, Schedule E, expenses should be entered on Line 19 as "miscellaneous Trust expenses." C. If you owned all your units for the entire year, you would calculate your cost depletion deduction by multiplying your cost basis or adjusted cost basis by .165776. On the Federal Income Tax Form 1040, Schedule E, your cost depletion deduction should be entered on Line 18. PART THREE – OWNERSHIP OF UNITS FOR A PARTIAL YEAR If you owned your units for only a portion of the year, you should use the charts and instructions on the following pages to determine your royalty income, royalty expenses and cost depletion deduction. - 20 -


  • Page 23

    ROYALTY INCOME PER UNIT FOR THE 2020 TAX YEAR First month during which Last month during which units were owned: Units were owned: January February March April May June July August September October November December January $0.0500 $0.0820 $0.1270 $0.1888 $0.2383 $0.2886 $0.3410 $0.3410 $0.3689 $0.3789 $0.3789 $0.3789 February $0.0320 $0.0770 $0.1388 $0.1883 $0.2386 $0.2910 $0.2910 $0.3189 $0.3289 $0.3289 $0.3289 March $0.0450 $0.1068 $0.1563 $0.2066 $0.2590 $0.2590 $0.2869 $0.2969 $0.2969 $0.2969 April $0.0618 $0.1113 $0.1616 $0.2140 $0.2140 $0.2419 $0.2519 $0.2519 $0.2519 May $0.0495 $0.0998 $0.1522 $0.1522 $0.1801 $0.1901 $0.1901 $0.1901 June $0.0503 $0.1027 $0.1027 $0.1306 $0.1406 $0.1406 $0.1406 July $0.0524 $0.0524 $0.0803 $0.0903 $0.0903 $0.0903 August $0.0000 $0.0279 $0.0379 $0.0379 $0.0379 September $0.0279 $0.0379 $0.0379 $0.0379 October $0.0100 $0.0100 $0.0100 November $0.0000 $0.0000 December $0.0000 A. To determine your royalty income per unit for your period of ownership, place your finger on the chart above on the first month in the left-hand column during which you owned your units and slide your finger to the right until you reach the column showing the last month during which you owned your units. This figure should be multiplied by the number of units you owned during that period to calculate your royalty income. On Federal Income Tax Form 1040, Schedule E, royalty income should be entered on Line 4. ROYALTY EXPENSES PER UNIT FOR THE 2020 TAX YEAR First month during which Last month during which units were owned: Units were owned: January February March April May June July August September October November December January $0.0086 $0.0219 $0.0271 $0.0341 $0.0398 $0.0425 $0.0473 $0.0531 $0.0557 $0.0614 $0.0661 $0.0732 February $0.0133 $0.0185 $0.0255 $0.0312 $0.0339 $0.0387 $0.0445 $0.0471 $0.0528 $0.0575 $0.0646 March $0.0052 $0.0122 $0.0179 $0.0206 $0.0254 $0.0312 $0.0338 $0.0395 $0.0442 $0.0513 April $0.0070 $0.0127 $0.0154 $0.0202 $0.0260 $0.0286 $0.0343 $0.0390 $0.0461 May $0.0057 $0.0084 $0.0132 $0.0190 $0.0216 $0.0273 $0.0320 $0.0391 June $0.0027 $0.0075 $0.0133 $0.0159 $0.0216 $0.0263 $0.0334 July $0.0048 $0.0106 $0.0132 $0.0189 $0.0236 $0.0307 August $0.0058 $0.0084 $0.0141 $0.0188 $0.0259 September $0.0026 $0.0083 $0.0130 $0.0201 October $0.0057 $0.0104 $0.0175 November $0.0047 $0.0118 December $0.0071 B. To determine your royalty expenses per unit for your period of ownership, place your finger on the chart above on the first month in the left- hand column during which you owned your units and slide your finger to the right until you reach the column showing the last month during which you owned your units. This figure should be multiplied by the number of units you owned during that period to calculate your expenses. On Federal Income Tax Form 1040, Schedule E, expenses should be entered on Line 19 as "miscellaneous Trust expenses." - 21 -


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    C. If you owned your units for only a portion of the year you must prorate the depletion percentage to reflect your period of ownership. In the same way that you calculated your royalty income per unit, place your finger on the Royalty Income per Unit Chart on the first month in the left-hand column during which you owned your units and slide your finger to the right until you reach the column showing the last month during which you owned your units. This figure should be divided by $0.3789. The resulting figure is then multiplied by .165776 to yield the prorated depletion percentage. Multiply this prorated depletion percentage by your cost basis or adjusted cost basis to calculate your cost depletion deduction. Your cost depletion deduction should be entered on Line 18 on the Federal Income Tax Form 1040, Schedule E. This letter does not constitute legal or tax advice. Neither the Trust nor its employees may offer tax or legal advice relevant to your unique situation. If you dispose of some or all of your Trust units, you should consult your tax advisor as to the tax consequence of that disposition. The Trust recommends that you direct any questions to your tax advisor or attorney. Most sincerely yours, John R. Van Kirk Managing Director - 22 -


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