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    TH E MAY OR ’ S A N N UA L R E P O R T 2 0 1 1 COPYRIGHT Greater London Authority May 2011 Greater London Authority City Hall The Queen’s Walk More London London SE1 2AA www.london.gov.uk enquiries 020 7983 4100 minicom 020 7983 4458

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    3 CONTENTS FOREWORD FROM THE MAYOR OF LONDON ................................................................... 5 STANDING UP FOR LONDON ............................................................................................. 9 Making the case for London.............................................................................................................. 10 Supporting London’s economy .......................................................................................................... 13 Standing up for all Londoners ........................................................................................................... 14 MAKING THE MOST OF LONDON 2012 ........................................................................... 17 Delivering the Best Games Ever......................................................................................................... 19 Capturing the best possible legacy for London.................................................................................. 21 MAKING LONDON SAFER ................................................................................................ 23 Bearing down on crime...................................................................................................................... 24 Making our public spaces and transport network safer...................................................................... 25 Tackling violence against women and girls ........................................................................................ 27 IMPROVING LONDONERS’ QUALITY OF LIFE ................................................................. 29 Keeping London moving ................................................................................................................... 30 Making London the Greenest Big City in the World........................................................................... 35 Creating a legacy of wonderful public spaces .................................................................................... 38 Strengthening London’s cultural life .................................................................................................. 39 Improving London’s housing ............................................................................................................. 40 Reducing health inequalities ............................................................................................................. 40 Planning for an even better London .................................................................................................. 41 INVESTING IN YOUNG LONDONERS ............................................................................... 43 Taking action to address youth violence ............................................................................................ 44 Giving young people the best possible start in life ............................................................................ 47 Involving young people in London’s cultural and sporting life ........................................................... 48

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    TH E MAY OR ’ S A N N UA L R E P O R T 2 0 1 1 © Fergus Noone 2006

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    TH E MAY OR ’ S A N N UA L R E P O R T 2 0 1 1 Boris Johnson Mayor of London

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    7 London is leading the UK out of the worst Almost 10,000 new street trees across London economic downturn in generations and it is my have been planted and several urban realm job as your Mayor to ensure that it continues to schemes have been completed, such as those at do so and remains the best place in the world to Herne Hill, Orpington and Gants Hill. do business to attract investment creating new jobs and wealth for all. Three quarters of the 50,000 affordable homes I promised – more than in any single Mayoral The Government listened to my arguments that, term – have been delivered, with the rest to be as the engine of the UK economy, it would be completed before next year’s Games. mad to cut off the fuel of investment to the country’s most productive region and after Addressing crime and the fear of crime remains tough negotiations I secured a good settlement the first priority of any Mayor. The police have for London. It cannot be through cuts alone that had real success in driving it down, with gun the UK’s debt crisis can be addressed but also crime down 22 per cent in the last year and economic growth. murder at its lowest level since 1978. We have seen public transport become increasingly safer. I have secured funding for a neo-Victorian For example, robbery on the bus network is investment in London’s creaking transport down 38 per cent over the past three years. infrastructure. Crossrail and the Tube upgrades will be delivered in full, which together will Following a good settlement for the increase our rail capacity by 30 per cent. The Metropolitan Police, together with ongoing UK’s best bus service, as well as the country’s savings and efficiency programmes to ensure most comprehensive concessions, has also as much money is spent on the front line been protected. as possible, we have been able to restart recruiting officers. Other forces are cutting The last year has seen the delivery of officer numbers. This means there will be more programmes, which together are helping to warranted officers on the capital’s streets at the improve our city’s quality of life – to put more of end of my term than at the beginning. a feel of the village back into the city. The last year has also seen delivery on The East London line extension, which was my promise to protect and expand London’s delivered on budget and ahead of schedule, Rape Crisis provision. Three new centres have has been extended to Highbury and Islington, opened serving the north, east and west of with daily passenger numbers more than double the capital. They are in addition to the existing compared to the old line. Croydon centre. We have seen the launch of a new mode of I negotiated with Government a £388 million pot public transport, the Barclays Cycle Hire scheme. to fund economic development for the next few It now has over 120,000 members, which years – the only English region to have retained along with casual users have completed over any such funding. This means we will be able to 4.5 million journeys. The next year will see the build on our successes already in getting London scheme expanded east. working again after the recession.

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    TH E MAY OR ’ S A N N UA L R E P O R T 2 0 1 1 For example, young people have borne the This Annual Report shows how my brunt of the economic downturn, with youth administration is delivering my priorities, whilst unemployment becoming a concern. That is why protecting Londoners from increases in their I have written to major employers across London Council Tax. We are standing up for London, to take on more apprentices. In the last year making the capital safer, improving quality of 17,000 new apprenticeships have started. life, improving our young people’s opportunities and ensuring that we host the Best Games Ever, My Time for Action programme to address the while building a lasting Olympic legacy. root causes of serious youth offending has made real inroads. Youth offending is down by 18 per In short to continue to lengthen London’s lead cent over the last four years. The Heron Wing as the World’s Best Big City. at Feltham Young Offenders’ Institution, which gives intensive support for young offenders to change behaviour, has been so successful that plans to expand resettlement broker support to all young Londoners coming out of custody were announced in the last year. Boris Johnson The last year has seen some major milestones Mayor of London passed as we prepare for the Olympic and Paralympic Games. Work on the Olympic Park continues apace, with many of the venues nearing completion. And we are more advanced in our legacy planning than any other city in Olympic history. I secured a deal with the Organising Committee that will give one in eight London schoolchildren a free ticket to enjoy the Games up close. London and the UK is clearly becoming increasingly excited by next year’s Games with over 20 million applications received for the 6.6 million tickets available. In addition 34,000 people have signed up to be a London Ambassador. I am pleased to have been able, after ruthlessly cutting out waste and inefficiency, to deliver the services all Londoners depend on and freeze City Hall’s part of the Council Tax for the third year running. This will amount to a ten per cent cut in real-terms by the end of my Mayoral term.

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    TH E MAY OR ’ S A N N UA L R E P O R T 2 0 1 1 HIGHLIGHTS Making the case for London London is the engine of the United Kingdom’s • Government listened to the Mayor and economy. Its size and dynamism mean it is safeguarded vital investment for the Tube placed to play the leading role in restoring and Crossrail, as well as for programmes to vitality to the national economy and bringing accelerate London’s economic recovery. order to the public finances. But to do so, our • By driving out waste the Mayor has been capital must get the investment it deserves. able to direct resources to support those areas Londoners say are most important, That is why the Mayor spent the year forcefully such as increasing police numbers and pushing the case for London. Government investing in our capital’s young people. listened. London’s funding settlement is • The Mayor again froze his share of the relatively better than any other region. Crucially, Council Tax – for the third time in a row. the Tube upgrade and Crossrail are protected. • The GLA will become leaner, fitter and more Together they will add 30 per cent to the accountable with new powers to tackle capital’s rail network capacity and contribute at London-wide issues like housing least £42 billion to the UK’s economy. and regeneration. • London & Partners is a new, focused The settlement also means the Mayor can agency dedicated to promoting London to continue to support his key priorities: putting the world. more police on the streets; capturing the best • The new London Enterprise Partnership will possible legacy from London 2012; investing in bring the Mayor, boroughs and businesses young Londoners; and supporting projects that together to promote growth and enterprise, that will help London’s economy through the while an Enterprise Zone will drive recovery and make our capital an even better regeneration in the Royal Docks. place to live, work and visit. • A £50 million fund will help revitalise town centres, create jobs and make With household budgets under pressure, one Outer London an even better place to live way the Mayor can make a difference is by and visit. keeping the GLA’s tax burden down. The Mayor • The Mayor launched Team London, an therefore again froze his share of the Council action plan for promoting, supporting and Tax – the third consecutive year without any rewarding volunteering. increase. This will represent a ten per cent real terms cut by the end of this Mayoral term. It would not have been possible to hold down the precept and protect frontline services without a relentless focus on delivering value for money. The Mayor has found over £2 billion of efficiency savings since coming to power. But with money tight and London needing to do its bit to curb spending and reduce the national debt, we must go further. To do so we need London government to be fitter, streamlined and more accountable to Londoners.

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    11 Hundreds of people attended the Talk London event held in central London on 2 June, at which the Mayor fielded questions relating to issues important to Londoners. Photo © Kois Miah

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    TH E MAY OR ’ S A N N UA L R E P O R T 2 0 1 1 The Coalition Government promised to push The Datastore is one element of the GLA’s power down from Whitehall to local politicians, wider digital agenda. In September 2010 the communities and people. The Mayor, with Mayor appointed a number of social innovators, London boroughs, has pressed Government software developers and technologists to to deliver on that promise. In December the his Digital Advisory Board. Improving WiFi Government announced a ‘New Settlement for connectivity and access to high speed London’: a package of measures that will create broadband have been areas of focus. The board a better focused GLA group with new powers has also given advice on how to get the most over housing and regeneration, policing and from Tech City East, which the Mayor is leading the London 2012 Games legacy. Already City on behalf of Number 10. The initiative aims to Hall is coordinating London-wide services to position London’s East End as a world-leading help rough sleepers off our streets, is newly technology centre to rival Silicon Valley. responsible for the ‘Seaside and Country Homes’ service that helps free up social housing in the London is at its best when its diverse capital, and is leading on preparing London in communities are brought together. The GLA’s case of a major emergency. One of the London community receptions are a good example of Resilience Team’s first tasks will be to work with how the Mayor is facilitating that. Six events the London Resilience Forum – representatives have been held since July 2010 and there will of the emergency services, local authorities be five more up to 2012. The receptions are and others who are responsible for managing attended by people from all backgrounds and emergencies across the capital – to consider life experiences. They recognise some of those and respond to the recommendations arising who contribute to our city’s success and give from the Coroner’s Inquests into the London Londoners an opportunity to share their ideas Bombings of 7 July 2005. for tackling London’s challenges. We expect that over 2,000 Londoners will attend one of the City Hall has led the way for openness and 11 receptions. transparency and the Mayor has been keen to enhance access to the GLA’s data. The London Meanwhile, the Mayor continues to host a Datastore is at the forefront of this drive. It is lively series of events that allow voters to quiz a portal for accessing details on how City Hall him about his policies, plans and record. There spends taxpayers’ money – and we have reduced are now six meetings each year – two People’s the threshold above which we publish details Question Times and four Mayor’s consultation of our spending from £1,000 to £500. Yet it is meetings focusing on a specific issue. much more than that. Despite going live less than 18 months ago, there are now hundreds of different information sets covering everything from air quality and Tube timetables to voting patterns and hospital performance, and from fires to road accidents. This reservoir of data is being put to good use. Entrepreneurs and software developers are creating a host of useful applications that, among other things, are helping Londoners get the most out of Barclays Cycle Hire.

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    13 Supporting London’s economy To deliver the EDS vision we must seize every London has an economy larger than that opportunity available to promote growth; of Denmark and Portugal combined. It is especially as we build the economic momentum preeminent in areas as diverse as financial that will drive us to recovery. services and the creative industries. And it consistently tops polls as the best location in In February the Mayor received a green light Europe for business. In short, it is the engine of from government to put into effect London’s the whole UK economy. proposals for a Local Enterprise Partnership (LEP). Bringing together the Mayor, the In May 2010 the Mayor published his Economic boroughs and London business leaders, the Development Strategy (EDS). It is a call to action LEP will span the capital and identify and put in for the GLA, our partners and Government to place measures to help London grow, compete, strive to help London maintain its position as innovate and create jobs – particularly in those the world’s business capital. Later this year we areas of London where economic performance is will publish a plan detailing who will do what below its potential. and when to make the EDS’s vision for London’s long-term economic growth a reality. One such area is the Royal Docks. The Royals currently lack the vitality that once made them The Mayor is keen to draw on the insight of the world’s busiest docks and the centre of London’s businesses to help deliver his vision. Britain’s commercial empire. But there is an That applies as much to our myriad small and enormous opportunity to develop land adjacent medium size firms (SMEs) as it does to London’s to City Airport and create a metropolitan quarter global giants. In 2010/11, about 500 SMEs put of new businesses, tourist attractions, homes their questions and concerns to the Mayor at a and job opportunities. Business Question Time event. The Mayor has in turn also spoken up for London’s businesses on The Government’s decision to make the Royal issues such as immigration and skills. Docks an Enterprise Zone, and the tax and regulatory breaks this brings, followed lobbying Business consistently tells us that London by the Mayor. It will help unlock the area’s must be effectively promoted to a world-wide economic energy with new businesses benefiting audience of prospective investors, visitors and from reduced business rates for five years. But students. So on 1 April 2011, and after two equally importantly, we expect that the money years’ preparation, the Mayor launched London collected from these new businesses will, over & Partners. London & Partners draws together the next 25 years, be retained by the LEP. This strands that had previously been fragmented will create an ongoing economic development across four separate agencies to promote fund to invest elsewhere in the capital. We London with one powerful voice and one will take forward plans for the Enterprise Zone recognisable brand. In 2012 the world’s eyes will during 2011/12. be directed towards London and an early priority for the agency is to maximise the opportunity The Zone is one of a confluence of initiatives presented by the Olympic and Paralympic targeted at bringing a new sense of economic Games, promoting London’s unique advantages vibrancy to East London, harnessing the benefits to a vast and diverse audience. that London 2012 will bring. The Mayor recently confirmed that work would start on a cable car

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    TH E MAY OR ’ S A N N UA L R E P O R T 2 0 1 1 this summer that will vault the Thames from 4,500 businesses have registered to access Greenwich Peninsula to the Royal Docks. Later online tools and guidance to help them profit this decade, Crossrail will improve the already from diversity. good transport links enjoyed by the area. Standing up for all Londoners The Royal Docks are also at the heart of The Mayor believes that to get the best out of the Mayor’s new Green Enterprise District. London, for the benefit of all Londoners, we Stretching across East London, it aims to attract must take a holistic approach. new investment, creating up to 6,000 new jobs by 2014 and developing new low carbon skills. Outer London contributes enormously to our At its launch in the spring, electronics giant city’s economy, atmosphere and quality of life. Siemens committed £30 million to fund a new Yet while all of London will benefit from the exhibition and conference centre for sustainable London 2012 Games and Crossrail, that benefit technologies. The centre is expected to attract will be less direct in some areas. The Mayor about 100,000 visitors a year. therefore announced in March that he is setting aside £50m for an Outer London Fund to boost The GLA group’s annual procurement budget regeneration in our patchwork of distinctive is over £3.2 billion. We are harnessing this town centres and accelerate a pan-London purchasing power to drive increases in economic recovery. The money, available after prosperity, to pave the way for new training and successful negotiations with Government, will employment opportunities and to open up new be used to support projects that revitalise local contract opportunities for all businesses. town centres – transforming major high streets and neighbourhood shopping parades alike – Through CompeteFor, an online portal where and create job opportunities. Local business businesses can find London 2012 and public districts will also be established. The Mayor will sector contract opportunities, over 8,500 now work with the Outer London Commission, business opportunities have been published by an independent body he established at the start over 900 public and private sector buyers. And of his Mayoralty, to get the best out of the of the contracts awarded, over 70 per cent have money available. been made to SMEs. Cash flow is the lifeblood of any business, especially small businesses. Just as some parts of London have struggled So the Mayor has ensured that SMEs trading to benefit from the city’s dynamism, so some with the GLA group get paid promptly payment Londoners have found it difficult to share in its for their services. During 2010/11, some 85 prosperity. The Mayor is committed to helping per cent of SME invoices were paid within ten those who start furthest back or are at risk of working days. being left behind. Our influence and support has also seen In May 2011 the Mayor announced that the 862 people start an apprenticeship, 1,067 London Living Wage (LLW) would increase by unemployed people start jobs and more than more than five per cent to £8.30 per hour. The 3,000 low paid workers on GLA contracts have rise of 45 pence – the biggest annual increase had their pay increased to the level of the since the wage was introduced in 2005 – will London Living Wage. Through the Mayor’s help further reduce poverty levels in the capital. Diversity Works for London programme over

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    15 The Mayor is determined to increase the number environment and tackling disadvantage. of businesses paying the Living Wage. Following In 2010 the GLA consulted on and published concerted lobbying during the year, a number revised versions of its statutory Race, Gender of major banks and law firms are now signed up. and Disability Equality Schemes. Each one In total 121 London-based employers are now outlines the GLA group’s continued commitment paying the LLW – a three-fold increase since to improving life chances in London. We have 2008. And across the GLA group more than also been busy mainstreaming equality – making 3,000 employees receive the wage. sure it is an integral part of all that do rather than an add-on; for example, by embedding The Mayor believes that the Living Wage not equality in other Mayoral strategies like the only benefits employees, but employers too. Health Inequalities, Housing and Economic Paying a decent wage results in increased Development Strategies. The framework is productivity and loyalty from staff and reduces currently being reviewed and a revised version recruitment costs. will be published later in 2011. London Enriched, the Mayor’s strategy for The Mayor believes passionately that we all integrating refugees and migrants, has just share a responsibility to stand up for London. completed its first full year. The London While he can invest, influence, cajole and offer Strategic Migration Partnership worked under support, it is ultimately Londoners themselves the chairmanship of Deputy Mayor Richard who have the greatest influence on the city’s Barnes to implement actions that will help tone and atmosphere. migrants overcome the challenges posed when settling in a new country, helping them One way Londoners are doing their bit is by to contribute quickly to London’s success. giving their time to help others and make a Among other work, the partnership oversaw positive impact on London life. At least 40 a groundbreaking survey of refugees that will per cent of adults are engaged in some type inform future support to those delivering English of formal volunteering. Nearly 70 per cent language courses to make sure they have the volunteer on an informal basis, usually helping maximum impact. friends or neighbours or organising fundraising events. These volunteers are backed by a wealth The Mayor also worked in partnership with the of charities and other not for profit groups. Citizen’s Advice Bureau to train small voluntary groups working with older people, carers and This is a sound foundation. But to increase other voluntary groups. The training has helped volunteering further, and after drawing on the the groups provide better advice so that those views and expertise of voluntary groups, the entitled to benefits do not miss out. Mayor launched Team London in the latter part of 2010/11. The programme has two simple The Mayor’s equality framework, ‘Equal Life aims: first, to make it easier for Londoners to Chances for All’, was published in July 2009. do something positive for London; and second, It was developed to bring Londoners together, to increase the value and effectiveness of their to address London’s remaining pockets of efforts. It introduces the concept of ‘impact deprivation and inequality, and to provide fresh volunteering’ – volunteering strategies that will analysis and different approaches to fostering target our communities’ most pressing needs community cohesion, creating an inclusive

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    TH E MAY OR ’ S A N N UA L R E P O R T 2 0 1 1 and set clear outcomes and measures to judge progress. The Mayor of London has secured £2 million of funding from the Reuben Foundation, a charity, to support Team London. He is matching this with a further £2 million. The funds will be distributed to a number of volunteering initiatives across three priority areas: cutting crime, improving quality of life and increasing opportunities for young Londoners. We will publish a report each year to show what difference Team London is making. Over the next few months Londoners will be hearing much more about Team London and how they can get involved.

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    TH E MAY OR ’ S A N N UA L R E P O R T 2 0 1 1 HIGHLIGHTS • The GLA’s PlaySport fund has begun transforming grassroots sport right across • One in eight London schoolchildren the capital. between the ages of ten and 18 will get a free ticket for the Games. The unveiling of London’s first set of giant • The Mayor agreed a deal that will see Olympic Rings in March at St. Pancras spectacular new lighting installed on Tower International station was a visible reminder that Bridge – without any cost to the taxpayer. the Games are just round the corner: it is now little • More than 34,000 people registered to over a year until the World’s Greatest City fires the be one of 8,000 London Ambassadors, starting pistol on the Greatest Show on Earth. who will serve as London’s frontline in welcoming and helping visitors during During 2010/11 the Mayor worked closely with the Games. partners including the Olympic Delivery Authority, • Work began on the ArcelorMittal Orbit, a the London Organising Committee of the Olympic new 114m structure in the Olympic Park and Paralympic Games (LOCOG), Government and designed by award winning artist Anish the boroughs to pave the way for a spectacularly Kapoor and set to become a breathtaking successful London 2012 Games. Of course that addition to the London skyline. must involve hosting a feast of sport in venues • The improved transport infrastructure to match. But it also means celebrating London’s that will whisk passengers to and from the culture and vitality. It means capturing a lasting Olympic Park is on track to be delivered legacy that will benefit generations of Londoners. well ahead of the Games. And it is about making sure every penny • The Mayor’s Culture Diary helped us Londoners contribute to the games is a penny gather the details of more than 4,000 well spent. The Mayor has held to his promise not cultural events. The Diary will give to increase the amount Londoners pay towards Londoners, visitors and public authorities the Games. an authoritative overview of the panoply of cultural events happening in London during 2012. • The Mayor is delivering on his pledge to make London 2012 the most accessible Games ever: funding has been secured to make the Southbank Walkway more accessible to disabled people and we launched www.inclusivelondon.com. • The Mayor consulted on proposals to create a Mayoral Development Corporation to capture and direct the regenerative energy of the Games in the Olympic Park and surrounding area. The MDC will transform a long-neglected part of East London and secure a legacy of many thousands of new jobs and homes.

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    19 Delivering the Best Games Ever as possible beyond the Games for the benefit The Games will take over the city during the of London. summer of 2012 creating a fantastic buzz. The Mayor has made significant strides in ensuring The Ambassadors will be at the sharp end of this excitement permeates every part of the promoting London to the world. Yet we also city. He is also coordinating action to prepare need to help the world’s media tell London’s London’s services and infrastructure for the story during the Games. One Great George substantial demands they will face. Street in Westminster has been secured as the location for the London Media Centre. Earlier this year the Mayor struck a deal with The Mayor recently announced that a team of LOCOG to give one in eight London school international experts will build and deliver the children between the ages of ten and 18 a free services and facilities journalists will need to Games ticket. This will be a first for any Host City reach the international audiences that will be and it is an important part of the Mayor’s pledge focussed on London. to put young people at the heart of the Games. Great Britain is the birthplace of the Paralympic The unveiling of London’s first set of Olympic Games and the Mayor is determined to make Rings was an early step in transforming the capital London 2012 the most accessible Games ever. into an Olympic Host City. The Mayor has been The GLA has secured funding to deliver lasting working to identify the most cost-effective way accessibility improvements to the Southbank, of getting London looking its magnificent best expected to be a hub of activity during the during the Games. In April the GLA concluded Games. Detailed design work is well underway. a deal that will see a state-of-the-art energy- efficient lighting system installed on Tower To help disabled visitors and Londoners plan Bridge. The flexible and dynamic lighting will their time in the capital during the Games and allow the iconic bridge to play a starring role in beyond the Mayor launched a new website – the Games, without any cost to the taxpayer. The inclusivelondon.com. It is the first of its kind for lights will add an extra dimension to events and a Host City. The website will also allow people to occasions for years to come. post feedback on how accessible places they visit are. Inclusive London already has details on more The interest in the Mayor’s London Ambassadors than 20,000 accessible locations; and it received scheme has been exceptional. Nearly 34,000 over one million hits in its first month alone. people registered to become one of 8,000 welcoming guides. The interview process is now Efforts to make the London 2012 Games the underway. Successful candidates will be trained most accessible Games ever – a Games for and equipped with the skills they need to everyone – take place under the umbrella of inform, assist, direct and share their passion for the Equality and Diversity Forum, chaired by London with our 2012 visitors. the Deputy Mayor Richard Barnes. Just a few of the Forum’s many successes are picked out in The Mayor’s Team London programme will these pages. Many more are highlighted in the harness the goodwill and enthusiasm of those Forum’s third annual report, ‘Working towards an who have shown an interest in becoming either a Inclusive Games’. London Ambassador or a Games Maker – almost 300,000 people in total – and mobilise as many

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    TH E MAY OR ’ S A N N UA L R E P O R T 2 0 1 1 The new East London line, now part of the London Overground network, is just one of many changes that will vastly improve transport links to the Olympic Park. © Transport for London image library

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    21 The Mayor wants the Games to be remembered There is a window to improve skills and not only for its sporting endeavours, but also transform job prospects for Londoners in the as a once in a lifetime artistic and cultural run-up to and during the Games – benefiting celebration: a Cultural Olympiad. So he asked people long after the last athletes have left. The anyone planning a cultural event – whether Olympic Park and Athletes Village workforce has a small community run event or a large scale continually exceeded industry standards for both spectacular – to log it on our online Culture the numbers of local people on site and workers Diary. Nearly 4,000 people responded to the call. who were previously unemployed. Since 2008 When it goes live the Diary will be a searchable the Olympic Delivery Authority has trained 3,451 repository of the full gamut of cultural activity people, taken on 426 apprentices, and delivered taking place during 2012. And the information ground-breaking programmes to train groups will help organisers to promote and coordinate traditionally under-represented in construction. their events while proving invaluable in city-wide logistical planning. In March the Mayor announced that Government funding to boost skills and increase employment Capturing the best possible legacy had been safeguarded. Fourteen million pounds for London will be channelled into three different projects The Olympic Park continued to develop apace over the next three years to help Londoners find over the past year. Trees are taking root; the employment or improve their job prospects as striking Velodrome is complete; the ArcelorMittal a result of the Games. Similar initiatives in the Orbit, London’s newest major landmark, is rapidly capital have already helped 25,000 unemployed rising from the ground; the last tile has been laid Londoners into work. in the Aquatics Centre; the first residential block in the Athletes’ Village has been unveiled; and the We also want to help businesses across London final piece of turf has been laid on the Olympic and the UK to reap the rewards of staging the Stadium, marking the end of that venue’s Games. Part of this is about giving small and construction. Alongside this, work is going on medium sized businesses the chance to compete to improve transport links to the Park. The East alongside bigger, more established firms. London line is now open and other work is on That is why the LDA, working with a private track to be delivered well ahead of the Games. sector partner, developed CompeteFor. Over This includes the Jubilee line upgrade; a 50 per 134,000 UK businesses (36,000 in London) cent increase in capacity on the Docklands Light had registered on the CompeteFor website Railway (DLR) and an extension from Canning at the beginning of 2011, giving them the Town to Stratford; enhanced walking and cycling chance to bid for thousands of Games-related routes; major improvements at Stratford Regional opportunities. The LDA is also helping small station and step-free access at Green Park and businesses to navigate the bidding process. Southfields stations. The Games have had a particular impact in East By showcasing London to the world we will London by stimulating billions of pounds of make a lasting impact on the capital’s prosperity investment in and around the Olympic Park. And and quality of life. But the opportunity and the Olympic Park Legacy Company has made responsibility to capture a legacy from the significant progress in the last year, finalising its Games goes much wider. master plan for the Park’s long-term future and making vitally important decisions – including

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    TH E MAY OR ’ S A N N UA L R E P O R T 2 0 1 1 choosing a preferred bidder for the Olympic environment, this has attracted a further £15.7 Stadium. But the task is only half done. million in match funding. To strengthen still further the arrangements This includes over £1 million for 12 projects for securing a lasting legacy the Mayor has that will improve community-sporting facilities published plans to re-form the Olympic Park in every corner of the capital. Already there is a Legacy Company as a Mayoral Development new climbing wall at the Westway Sports Centre, Corporation (MDC). This will make a single which trains hundreds of young Londoners every public body, answerable to the Mayor, week; a multi-use games area for Treehouse responsible for driving forward the continued School, a specialist school for children with regeneration of the Park and the surrounding autism; and a redeveloped football pitch at area, which the Mayor has identified as Prices Park Youth Football Club. This is just the London’s top regeneration priority. It will also start. Many more projects will be completed help to deliver the Mayor’s pledge to close the by the time the Games starts and beyond, deprivation gap between the East London host continuing to engage and excite well into boroughs and the rest of London. The MDC the future. should be up and running by April 2012. Grants of £2.2 million have been awarded to The Games will leave a legacy of thousands of 18 sports participation projects which will provide new jobs and homes and fantastic transport activities across at least 24 different sports for infrastructure. But the Mayor also sees London over 200,000 Londoners – about 30 per cent of 2012 as an opportunity to transform our whom will be people who were previously not sporting landscape. involved in sport or physical activity. Sport can be a game changer for those who To date PlaySport has helped train over 2,000 participate and for their communities. It has new sports coaches and officials. Each has a remarkable ability to unite, to inspire and to pledged a minimum of 25 hours of their time to change lives. It helps keep us fit and active, community sports; but we expect many to make engages young people, and builds togetherness community sports a fixture in their lives. Forty and community spirit. Investing in sport not only new health ‘activators’ are encouraging more helps people have fun, it also represents good people to get involved in sport and fitness. And value for money. about 80 disabled people have been helped to get jobs in sport and leisure. Through his £15.5 million PlaySport London fund, the Mayor is investing to address three The Mayor is also providing hundreds of free specific strands: £7 million to transform and sporting opportunities through his small grants create new grass roots sporting facilities; £4 programme, FreeSport London. In December million to get many more people to participate in over 200 sports from across every London sport; and £3 million to train sports coaches and borough received grants of up to £1,500. We others to carry forward the sporting legacy. anticipate over 17,000 Londoners will receive at least six hours of free coaching this year alone. So far £5.4 million has been awarded to a range of sporting projects across London. Staggeringly, and despite the constrained funding

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    TH E MAY OR ’ S A N N UA L R E P O R T 2 0 1 1 HIGHLIGHTS Bearing down on crime Making London safer is the Mayor’s top priority. • The Mayor is investing an extra £42 million The Mayor has focussed on putting more police to put more police officers on London’s on the beat, taking knives off our streets (more streets. London will have significantly more than 11,000, so far), and building connections uniformed police officers at the end of the between the police and communities. Some Mayor’s term than at the start. groups are more vulnerable than others. So the • Crime continues to fall and is now at its Mayor has paid particular attention to tackling lowest level for ten years. the blight of youth violence and to making sure • Violent crime is also reducing, and gun women and girls are safer at home and when out crime was 22 per cent lower in 2010/11 and about. than in 2009/10. • Robbery on the bus network has fallen by The fall in recorded crime since the Mayor 38 per cent in the past three years and by was elected chronicles the success of his 17 per cent on the Tube and DLR; just one approach. Crime in the capital is at its lowest example of big falls in crime on our public level for a decade – there was a fall of nine per transport network. cent over the first three years of the Mayor’s • The Mayor announced the first winners of term compared with the previous three years. his Safer Parks Award, which recognises London’s murder rate in 2010 was its lowest those boroughs and communities that have since 1978. made a real difference to their local park. • The Mayor has delivered a four-fold In the year to 30 April 2011, and in a difficult increase in the capital’s rape crisis services. economic climate, there were nearly 10,000 • Firm action is being taken to combat fewer ‘total notifiable offences’ (all reported dangerous dogs and the Mayor is pressing crime) than in the previous year. Crucially, this Government to toughen up the law. included nearly 10,000 fewer violent crimes (a 5.6 per cent decrease) and 1,231 fewer race and religious hate crimes. There can be disparities between official statistics and how safe people actually feel. It is therefore heartening, and testament to the stronger bonds forged between police and neighbourhoods, that Londoners also report feeling safer. Sixty-four per cent of Londoners say they do not feel worried about crime in their neighbourhood, compared with 54 per cent in 2010. At the end of March 2011 there were nearly 1,000 more Metropolitan Police officers than in March 2008: 32,370 compared with 31,398. To maintain momentum in bringing down crime and boosting confidence, the Mayor is investing

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    25 an extra £42 million in frontline policing. This will inspire others and disperse sound, is despite public sector financial constraints not practical ideas for improving park safety across seen for more than a generation; constraints that the capital. mean the Metropolitan Police Service (the Met) is recruiting uniformed officers at a time when Dangerous dogs are a menace which can quickly other forces are cutting their number. turn a park or open space into a no go area. As weapon dogs they are all too often part of gang The Mayor is also safeguarding the Safer culture and criminal activity. The Met and local Neighbourhood Teams, which are vital in fighting authorities are taking firm action. In the past local crime in London’s boroughs. And he has year the Met’s Status Dogs Unit seized over given much greater prominence to the important 1,000 dangerous dogs. This compares with 35 in role of special constables, unpaid police officers 2005/06. But more needs to be done to address who give up their time to work alongside regular what is a growing problem. In particular we need police officers. changes to the law so it is tougher and broader, and to reduce the time it takes for cases to get Bearing down on crime is a collective effort: to court. numerous bodies are involved in tackling its myriad causes, dimensions and ramifications. That is why in August 2010 Kit Malthouse, To make the greatest impact these bodies must Deputy Mayor for Policing, launched a work together and with the Met in a way that dangerous dogs petition giving Londoners is cohesive and joined-up. In September 2010 an opportunity to throw their weight behind the Mayor chaired the first meeting of the new our proposals for legislative change. To date Crime Reduction Board, set up expressly for this almost 5,000 signatures have been collected. purpose. The Board will replace smaller crime In December the GLA co-hosted a cross-party related bodies and build a unified approach to parliamentary event to raise awareness, remind tackling serious crime in the capital. MPs of the impact of dangerous dogs in their constituencies, and to promote responsible dog Making our public spaces and ownership. Meanwhile, the Met and the London transport network safer Crown Prosecution Service have been working The Mayor places a high priority on ensuring all closely to finalise a local protocol to speed up Londoners feel safe in all our public spaces, and court processes. on London’s transport network. We are making huge strides in improving safety In March 2011 the Mayor announced the on our public transport network. Looked at over first winners of his Safer Parks Award. The 32 a three-year period (comparing 2010/11 with winning parks share a common story of success. 2007/08), the fall in transport crime has been All have benefited from the collaborative efforts precipitous. Overall crime is down 28 per cent of friends’ groups, boroughs and the police on buses and 18 per cent on the Tube and DLR. to target and reduce antisocial behaviour. Robbery on the bus network has fallen by a These shared spaces have been revitalised as a massive 38 per cent and by 17 per cent on the result, once again becoming places that people Tube and DLR. The equivalent reductions for can enjoy or simply use as a retreat from the criminal damage are 65 per cent and 45 per cent ocasionally hectic pace of urban living. The idea respectively. behind the awards is that these success stories

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    TH E MAY OR ’ S A N N UA L R E P O R T 2 0 1 1 © Transport for London image library

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    27 These figures are the result of a sustained focus Tackling violence against women and investing extra resources in passenger and girls safety and security. One of the Mayor’s first ‘The Way Forward’, the Mayor’s strategy to actions after coming to office was to create prevent and reduce violence against women and 32 new Safer Transport Teams at transport girls made good progress in the past year. hubs across London. The teams are now well established, working closely with existing Safer In his manifesto the Mayor pledged to open Neighbourhood Teams, the British Transport three new rape crisis centres, in addition to Police and transport staff. As well as the Safer protecting the existing centre in Croydon. Transport Teams, in 2010/11 there were double He has now delivered on that pledge and the number of cab enforcement officers and quadrupled the level of service available in a new cycle task force. The number of British the capital. And to make it easier for women Transport Police across the capital funded by to access the services – which offer a mix of Transport for London (TfL) has increased over support, counselling, and therapies – the Mayor the past few years to about 900 officers. launched a new website: www.rapecrisislondon. org. The website also serves a resource for But there is always more to do. In February friends and family of rape victims, offering the Mayor launched ‘The Right Direction’, advice on how they can help. Men and boys his strategy for further improving safety and accessing the site are signposted to relevant security on public transport up to the London specialist services. 2012 Games and beyond. It sets out the Mayor’s priorities and focuses on vulnerable The Met has been working to improve referral groups such as young people and women. links between the rape crisis centres, the Havens Priorities include reducing theft and antisocial (London’s three sexual assault referral centres) behaviour and increasing the confidence of and the Met’s own Sexual Assault Investigation older people when travelling in London. To help Unit (Sapphire). deliver these priorities, the Mayor will fund 413 extra warranted officers on public transport. Improving access and support for women and CCTV coverage on the tube network will be girls is one of five objectives that underpin The increased. And as TfL takes over more stations Way Forward. In April 2011 the Mayor launched on the London Overground, the stations will be an online directory of more than 270 support reviewed and improved to ensure they offer a services for women and practitioners (www. safe environment. london.gov.uk/knowwheretogo). The charity Eaves compiled the directory in partnership with the GLA. It is also important to shift attitudes, particularly those of young people. A new film, ‘Where is your line?’ is being shown in schools to underline the importance of respect and consent.

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    TH E MAY OR ’ S A N N UA L R E P O R T 2 0 1 1 Finally, but no less significantly, a number of boroughs have produced their own, complementary strategies to coordinate and strengthen the fight against violence against women and girls at the local level. The Mayor will publish guidance in 2011 to support other boroughs developing their own strategies.

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    TH E MAY OR ’ S A N N UA L R E P O R T 2 0 1 1 HIGHLIGHTS meet his target of 50,000 by 2012 – more than in any previous Mayoral term. And he • The biggest upgrade to the Tube in its secured £1.6 billion from Government to history is steaming ahead. Work on the transform sub-standard council homes. Jubilee and Victoria lines is nearly complete • The Mayor strengthened rules to protect and the first of a fleet of 191 new air- London’s cherished landmarks and views conditioned trains are operating on the from ill-considered development. Metropolitan line. • Following upgrade work to the DLR, Keeping London moving three-car trains now operate on the Tower We are in the midst of a neo-Victorian age of Gateway to Beckton route, boosting immense investment in London’s transport capacity by 50 per cent. infrastructure. This will result in a step change • A consortium of world-leading firms is in in passenger capacity, comfort, convenience place to build and operate a cable car that and choice. will become London’s newest and loftiest river crossing. A record 1.1 billion people travelled on the • Londoners have embraced Barclays Cycle Tube last year, underlining just how vital this Hire adding momentum to the capital’s investment is for a growing London. But this Cycling Revolution. unprecedented upgrade of London’s transport • The Mayor abolished the Western Extension infrastructure would not be possible had it of the Congestion Charging Zone and his not been for tough, but ultimately successful, focus on smoothing traffic on London’s negotiation with Government on London’s roads is reducing delays. funding package. Transport for London (TfL) • Funding has been secured to accelerate the will also get more from its budget by working Mayor’s RE:NEW scheme, which has already more efficiently. Over the next five years this made 9,000 homes more energy efficient, will release £7.6 billion to spend on frontline and to give 600 more public buildings an services. And it will help the Mayor to protect eco-overhaul. free travel and concessions, which benefit a • Twenty transformed streetscapes, parks sizeable group of vulnerable Londoners. and other public places; nearly 1,000 new The Mayor’s 2011 fares decision means that community food growing spaces; 9,500 40 per cent of bus passengers will continue to additional street trees and a further 20,000 travel free or at a substantially reduced rate, trees planted in 12 London boroughs: the for example. Mayor’s Great Outdoors is making London more liveable, more beautiful and a city we Many of the changes to London’s public can show off with pride during transport are already making a difference, or are London 2012. just around the corner. • In July more than one million people took part in activities across the capital as part of The financial year was book ended by two the GLA’s biennial Big Dance – just one of significant steps towards the Mayor’s goal of a series of events and festival showcasing turning the London Overground network into an London’s creativity backed by the Mayor. orbital railway. At the start of the year the Mayor • The Mayor has delivered nearly 40,000 opened the new £1 billion East London line. affordable homes, putting him on track to The line is speeding Londoners across the river

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    31 in a fleet of new air-conditioned trains running and making a huge difference to passenger from Dalston Junction in the north via the City comfort. These new trains are one part of the and Docklands to New Cross, Crystal Palace and single biggest piece of tube upgrade work: West Croydon in the south. The project, the transforming the Circle, District, Hammersmith biggest in London since the Jubilee line was & City and Metropolitan lines. The other key extended some ten years ago, was delivered element is installing a new signalling system. In ahead of time and to budget. April 2011 the Mayor announced his preferred bidder for the work. Later in the year, and three months early, the line was connected to the wider London Replacing signals, track and trains can be Overground and Underground network in the disruptive. Some delays are unavoidable. But the north via a 2.1 kilometre link between Highbury Mayor wants more to be done to keep disruption and Islington station and Dalston Junction. to a minimum. So London Underground will do everything possible to keep the impact of The East London line will be a boon to efforts the upgrades on passengers to an absolute to regenerate some of London’s poorest minimum. This includes learning and acting on boroughs. It connects communities and lessons from other world metros. provides easier access to jobs, education and leisure opportunities. It will be particularly In May 2010 TfL acquired the shares in valuable for those heading to the Olympic Park Tube Lines, throwing off the shackles of the during Games-time. The line will be connected disastrous PPP contracts. This will help London to Clapham Junction in 2012, creating a Underground to coordinate upgrade work continuous loop. across the network better, thereby minimising passenger inconvenience and saving money. There have been big changes on the DLR, too. Three-car trains are now operating on the Tower Crossrail is Europe’s largest infrastructure Gateway to Beckton route. And the entire DLR project, and thanks to lobbying by the Mayor network is now three-car compatible, in time for it is being delivered in full and to schedule. the Games. There will be new, fast trains covering a route stretching 74 miles from Maidenhead and London Underground is forging ahead with the Heathrow in the west, under Central London, to biggest upgrade in the Tube’s 148-year history. Shenfield in the east and to Canary Wharf and Signals, trains and track are all being replaced. Abbey Wood in the southeast. Up to 24 trains an Key stations are being rebuilt. The changes will hour will run through the central section during increase capacity on the network by 30 per cent. peak times. Journeys will be quicker and services more reliable. Although construction began in May 2009 at Canary Wharf, it was in April this year that The upgrades of the Jubilee and Victoria lines Crossrail formally moved into the construction are nearly finished and full upgrade works will phase. Work is now underway at all the central start on the Northern line once work on the station sites and tunnelling activity will start by Jubilee line is complete. Meanwhile the first the end of the year. The process that will lead of a new fleet of 191 air-conditioned trains to the purchase of the cutting-edge trains has are up and running on the Metropolitan line started, as well.

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    TH E MAY OR ’ S A N N UA L R E P O R T 2 0 1 1 Extending Oyster to National Rail services has London’s streets in 2011, swelling the fleet to vastly improved the interface between the tube over 200. and suburban rail services. However, passengers have found the Oyster Extension Permits needed In his manifesto the Mayor promised to banish for some journeys confusing. Thanks to closer the bendy bus from the capital. During 2010/11 working between the Mayor, TfL and the train the buses were removed from two more routes, companies, the permits are no longer needed. which are now served by new double-decker buses. London will be rid of all bendy buses by Oyster Cards can be used to travel on buses, the end of this year. It is estimated this will cut trams, trains, tubes and boats. Soon another fare dodging by about £5 million annually. form of transport will be added to that list. In April 2011 the Mayor announced work would The most visible change to London’s transport start this summer on a cable car spanning the network during the past year has been the Thames from Greenwich Peninsula to the Royal introduction of Barclays Cycle Hire. The blue Victoria Docks. It will provide a spectacular bikes are quickly becoming as familiar a part architectural addition to London and a much of our landscape as red double-deckers and needed river crossing. Travel time will be cut to black cabs; and by any measure the scheme has five minutes. The aim is that the 34 gondolas will proved a remarkable success. be ferrying 2,500 passengers per hour through the sky and over the Thames in time for start of Phase one has delivered 6,000 bikes and the Olympic and Paralympic Games. 400 docking stations, available 24 hours a day, seven days a week. The bikes cover 45 square Back on the ground, in November the Mayor kilometres of the capital from Notting Hill unveiled a life-size mock-up of the New Bus Gate to Wapping and from Regents Park to for London giving Londoners a first glimpse of Kennington. Yet the most significant figures are how the bus will look when it hits the streets in those that show how Londoners have embraced early 2012. The bus will incorporate the latest the scheme. Since launch the bikes have helped green technology, making it 40 per cent more commuters, visitors and others get from A to B efficient than conventional diesel double- more than 4.5 million times; and there are now deckers and much quieter. But at the same more than 119,000 members. On the busiest day time it is strikingly evocative of the much-loved there were 27,500 cycle journeys covering more Routemaster. The New Bus will be a fitting than 124,800 kilometres. emblem for 21st century London. London’s bus fleet is already turning green. Five buses powered by hydrogen fuel technology – emitting nothing but water vapour – are now operating in the worst of London’s pollution hotspots. Another three will follow shortly. This is the first bus fleet of its kind in the country and the largest in Europe. And in March TfL announced that it had secured funding from Government to put an extra 90 hybrid buses on

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    33 © James O Jenkins

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    TH E MAY OR ’ S A N N UA L R E P O R T 2 0 1 1 In March the Mayor announced that the scheme In the past year there was a 15 per cent increase would be extended east in time for the London in cycling levels on TfL’s roads, showing that 2012 Games. Two thousand more bicycles and Londoners are joining the Cycling Revolution in 4,200 docking stations will be installed across their droves. an area stretching up as far as the edge of the Olympic Park and down to the Isle of Dogs. The Thames is London’s oldest thoroughfare and six million passengers travel on the river Cycling helps us tackle many of the issues facing each year. Through the Mayor’s River Concordat, London – issues like congestion, climate change TfL is working with partners to make it easier and health inequality. The Mayor’s strategy for for people to travel by boat. More information, cycling, published in May 2010, therefore puts clearer signs and ‘Tube style’ maps have been Barclays Cycle Hire at the hub of a much wider created; and new flags have been installed to Cycling Revolution; together with initiatives guide Londoners to their nearest pier. Most piers like Cycle Superhighways, ‘Biking Boroughs’, now also have real-time information showing improving cycling routes, and events such as the when the next boat will arrive. Meanwhile TfL London Sky Rides. is working with the Olympic Delivery Authority to upgrade Tower Pier and Greenwich Pier; and In July 2010 TfL launched the first two Barclays plans are being put in place to deliver special Cycle Superhighways, running from Merton to ‘Olympic Express’ services during the 2012 the City and from Barking to Tower Gateway. Games that will whisk passengers from Central The routes are making it easier and safer London to venues in Greenwich and Woolwich. for cyclists to travel into central London, via direct and continuous routes. This shows in For some travelling by car is the only option. the statistics. Seventy per cent more cyclists Many of London’s businesses rely on a brigade are pedalling the routes than before. TfL has of vans to deliver and receive goods. So the already provided funding for 4,113 new cycle Mayor is working to make it quicker and easier spaces along the routes, run 4,206 hours of to get about London by motor vehicle. cycle training and checked the safety of 4,143 bikes since their launch. The Mayor said he would ask Londoners whether or not they wanted to retain the Western Work has begun on two more Superhighways, Extension of the Congestion Charge Zone. which will open in the summer. By 2015 there More than 60 per cent of those who responded will be twelve such spokes radiating from central to a public consultation backed its removal. to outer London. The Mayor acted. Since the start of 2011 the Western Extension has been no more. At the An extra £4 million is being made available same time a new automatic Congestion Charge for the 13 ‘Biking Boroughs’ to help create system was introduced. Over 100,000 drivers cycling communities in Outer London by have signed up to the scheme, saving money engaging people in cycling, building better cycle and avoiding fines. infrastructure and making cycling safer. The Biking Boroughs also receive extra support and Slow and stalled traffic can be frustrating, as expertise from TfL. well as bad for both London’s economy and air quality. To combat congestion the timings of almost 2,000 traffic signals have been reviewed

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    35 since April 2009; a further 600 signals are now air quality contributed to over 4,000 premature able automatically to adjust their timings to deaths in London. suit traffic levels; unnecessary traffic signals are being removed; and the UK’s first trial of This is why in December 2010 the Mayor pedestrian countdown signals is underway. published his Air Quality Strategy. It will reduce emissions from London’s transport network, The Mayor is striving to bring order to the homes and workplaces. hotchpotch of road works scattered across London’s roads. He has pressed those The new, greener buses are already making a undertaking works to sign up to a code of difference to air quality, especially in central conduct and last year introduced the UK’s London. And from January 2012, the Low first road works permit scheme. The scheme, Emission Zone standards will be tightened which now covers more than three-quarters of further, with larger vans and minibuses included London’s roads, encourages works promoters to in the scheme for the first time. To help drivers manage and coordinate works better and allows prepare in what is still a tough economic climate, fines to be issued when they overrun. Thirteen the Mayor has secured significant discounts per cent fewer road works started on TfL roads off new vans and minibuses for those set to be in 2010/11 than in the previous year. affected. The first ever taxi age standards will remove the oldest, most polluting cabs from The result of these steps is that severe delays are our roads. down, average speeds are up and the capital’s drivers are spending 80,000 fewer hours in their In November 2010 TfL started the UK’s first ever vehicles each day. trial of dust suppressant technology, which sticks harmful particles to the road. If successful, To reduce delays still further, the Mayor is also it will be rolled out more widely. Other targeted working closely with the Government to give measures are now being implemented at central London powers to introduce the UK’s first ‘pay London hotspots through the £5m Clean Air as you dig’ scheme in the spring of 2012. The Fund, including a ‘no idling zone’, deep scheme would charge works promoters for cleaning, retrofitting buses to make them digging up the capital’s busiest roads at the cleaner and helping local businesses reduce their busiest times, thereby incentivising them to ‘air quality footprint’. complete their work as quickly as possible and to carry it out at times that least disrupt traffic. In February 2011 work began to install ‘Source London’ electric vehicle charging points across Making London the Greenest Big City in the capital. The scheme will launch in the spring the World and by 2013 there will be at least 1,300 public In March 2011 the European Commission charging points – meaning the capital will have granted the UK a time extension to meet targets more charge points than petrol stations. for the particulate matter, recognising the strides that have been taken to improve London’s Air pollution is not just a London problem: many air quality and the plans that are in place to UK and European urban areas are struggling improve it further. The need for ongoing action to meet EU targets for nitrogen dioxide. That was also underlined in a GLA study published is why the Mayor is pressing the Government in June 2010. It estimated that in 2008 poor to introduce national measures such as tax

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    TH E MAY OR ’ S A N N UA L R E P O R T 2 0 1 1 incentives for cleaner vehicles and vehicle carbon jobs, save 28,000 tonnes of carbon and scrappage and retrofit schemes. Another divert 245,000 tonnes of waste from increasingly problem is that 40 per cent of particulate costly landfill sites. matter in central London, and a similar amount of nitrogen dioxide pollution across Greater The fund will leverage in additional money from London, comes from outside the capital. During the private sector. And repayments back to pollution episodes, these figures are even higher. the fund will be recycled to support even more The Mayor has raised this problem with the projects, so it will be sustainable just like the European Commission and stressed the need for initiatives it helps to establish. tighter regulations on trans-boundary pollution. The Green Fund will support initiatives that The capital produces about 20 million tonnes of share the same green credentials as the UK’s waste each year. We must manage this mountain first advanced gasification plan. Work began of rubbish better, treating London’s waste not on the plant in Dagenham earlier this year, as worthless but as an opportunity and a supported by a loan from LWARB, and when valuable resource to be exploited. City Hall is operating in 2013 it will turn almost 100,000 therefore working hand in hand with the London tonnes of waste into enough energy to power Waste and Recycling Board (LWARB) – set up nearly 200,000 homes. by the Mayor in 2008 – to change the way waste is perceived. We must make it simpler to reduce, recycle and reuse, nudging Londoners to change their The benefits are not just environmental. London attitudes and habits and helping us all save recycled 32 per cent of its household waste money. A significant chunk of LWARB’s in 2009/10, saving £30 million on disposal £77 million budget is supporting a range of costs. Yet landfill tax is increasing. So if we can projects directed to this end. achieve a 50 per cent recycling rate we will save London’s public purse over £100 million 2010/11 was the first of a three year a year. Getting better at managing our waste behavioural campaign called Recycle for London. will also boost London’s economy and create an As well as extolling the benefits of recycling estimated 1,260 jobs. to Londoners and supporting borough-based initiatives, the campaign served as an umbrella The London Green Fund is a good example of for a series of London-wide events that let savvy how we will realise the economic potential of Londoners donate and swap unwanted items. going green. Backed by £50 million of European One of these events – Give and Take – received Regional Development Funding, £32 million a London Lifestyle Award for ‘Best Green from the London Development Agency and £18 Contribution to London’. million from LWARB, the Fund will play a big part in supporting and promoting a thriving low In the past year LWARB also awarded more carbon economy in the capital. than £5 million to 26 boroughs to help improve recycling facilities at more than 520,000 flats; Two areas the Fund will focus on are waste and it provided funding for a surplus food infrastructure and energy efficiency projects. It centre, which is distributing 300 tonnes of is estimated the waste infrastructure element of surplus food – the equivalent of 800,000 meals the fund alone could generate at least 100 low – to charities each year.

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    37 The Mayor’s waste strategies, outlining new and cuts of 28 per cent. A further 14 organisations challenging recycling targets, went through a are currently working with the RE:FIT team to period of public consultation in 2009/10 and kit out 200 buildings. A successful bid by the will be published this summer. Mayor to the European Investment Bank for ¤2.8 million means this momentum can be Efforts to reduce vehicle emissions and waste will maintained. This comes on top of ¤ 2.9 million to help us address the threat of climate change. But develop decentralised energy projects in London climate change is a multi-faceted problem. The over the next three years. scale of the challenge requires us to seek out, corral and deploy the best and brightest ideas for We are also catalysing a swathe of the benefit of Londoners and our planet. neighbourhood-led carbon cutting initiatives. RE:CONNECT, our Low Carbon Zones programme, It was in this spirit that the Mayor asked is spearheading innovative, community-based Londoners to comment on and contribute schemes in ten neighbourhoods. They are to his draft strategy for ‘Delivering London’s microcosms showing what can be done and what energy future’ in the autumn. The strategy will needs to happen to bring about a low carbon be updated and published this summer. It will London. Collectively the projects saved over 7,000 explain how London will achieve a 60 per cent tonnes of CO2 to March 2011. They are on track cut in CO2 emissions by 2025 through schemes to reduce CO2 emissions across the programme by that are also saving both Londoners and the over 20 per cent by September 2012. public purse money. We have struck up a groundbreaking partnership Our homes create a third of London’s carbon with London’s electricity network operator and a emissions. By thinking big and acting boldly to range of commercial and academic organisations make London’s housing more energy efficient, to run a major smart grid trial in the Low Carbon we can put a big dent in our carbon footprint. Zones and the Green Enterprise District. The The Mayor’s RE:NEW initiative, the biggest project has been awarded £25m of funding from scheme of its kind in the country, is improving Ofgem and will provide over 5,000 smart meters home efficiency on an unprecedented scale. In to homes – plus new energy saving tariffs. its early phase, RE:NEW funded green audits and easy to install energy and water efficiency The Zones are spawning a new breed of green measures for 9,000 homes. Households also volunteer. One hundred or so environmentally realised big savings on their fuel bills: an average conscious locals have been instrumental to of £154 per home. But this is just the start. The the success of the projects, propagating their Mayor is investing nearly £6 million and working passion for going green and improving take-up with boroughs to expand the scheme to 55,000 rates for energy saving measures and advice. homes by spring 2012. While we must do what we can to minimise RE:FIT is the Mayor’s energy retrofit scheme for climate change, we must also prepare for the public buildings. It helps organisations in the inevitable consequences of a changing climate. public sector fit energy saving measures like solar panels, insulation and smart meters. The Drain London is an innovative programme to scheme was initially trialled on 42 GLA group identify areas at risk of surface water flooding buildings and delivered average CO2 emission in London and to work with the boroughs, TfL,

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    TH E MAY OR ’ S A N N UA L R E P O R T 2 0 1 1 Thames Water and the Environment Agency to £400,000 from the Mayor’s ‘Help a London Park’ prioritise and tackle flood risk hotspots. This initiative. Work at the other nine parks is either year Drain London developed a draft flood map well underway or will begin shortly. and flood risk action plan for every borough. The boroughs will consult on these plans in the By 2012 Great Outdoors will have transformed coming year. The programme is also working another 50 public spaces leaving a legacy we can with local communities to help them develop a bequeath to future generations of Londoners. number of pilot community flood plans; and it is funding a number of green roofs to set examples Greening our city is also about getting the most for others to follow. Green roofs have already from the plethora of smaller spaces that dot the been installed within the GLA estate and include capital. Capital Growth has so far turned 932 the green roof and solar voltaic array at the snippets of land – at schools, by railways, on listed London Underground headquarters at 55 housing estates, atop roofs and elsewhere – into Broadway, above St. James’s Park station. places where people (30,000, and counting) can grow their own food. Creating a legacy of wonderful public spaces What really makes Capital Growth special is that Whether it is the pockets of green space it touches a whole spectrum of issues. Otherwise that punctuate London’s urban fabric or the non-descript plots of land are now getting streetscapes that thread through the city’s people to eat more healthily, reducing food neighbourhoods, London’s public places help miles, helping to address antisocial behaviour, stitch the city together. educating young Londoners and, perhaps most importantly, instilling pride and pulling So from streets to parks to waterways, from neighbours closer together. They are even being the iconic to the overlooked, the Mayor’s Great used to help address London’s declining bee Outdoors is creating better public spaces right population. across our capital. To date £40 million has been invested across 16 boroughs and 20 projects Capital Growth is a partnership between London have been completed. In the past year Gants Hill Food Link, the Mayor, and the Big Lottery, interchange in Redbridge has been made safer and nearby Fairlop Waters Country Park a more Trees are as important to the look and feel of enjoyable place to spend time and have fun. London as our buildings. They are also another Orpington town centre has new coloured paving good way to tackle a host of issues at once; and wider, de-cluttered footpaths to make issues like climate change, air quality and it more pedestrian friendly. And the balance biodiversity. between vehicles and those on foot and bicycle has been redressed at Herne Hill junction. The In January the Mayor launched RE:LEAF, a projects demonstrate what can be achieved campaign to increase London’s tree cover from when investment is married with intelligent 20 to 25 per cent by 2025. In the first three design combining both flair and utility. months over 20,000 trees were planted in 12 London boroughs. Good progress is being made London’s parks are an essential counterpoint to towards the Mayor’s target to plant 10,000 the hustle and bustle of the city. Fairlop Waters street trees in the capital, too. We are now just is therefore just one of ten parks that won 500 trees shy of the 10,000 mark. To give tree

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    39 planting a further boost in priority areas, and to local communities so that we can all participate, cultivate volunteering, the Mayor’s Team London be inspired and have our creativity fired. programme will give £250,000 to communities to help them set up tree nurseries, urban orchards The Mayor’s Fourth Plinth Commission is a and organise tree planting events. good example of culture at its best. It piques worldwide interest but also gets Londoners Many of London’s streets and open spaces are talking. In May 2010 the Mayor unveiled Yinka exceptionally clean. The Mayor is engaging with Shonibare’s ‘Nelson’s Ship in a Bottle’, and the boroughs to bear down on the scourges of in January the 2012 and 2013 commissions litter and vandalism to bring every corner of our were announced. The announcement followed public realm up to these same high standards. an exhibition of the short-listed works that provoked 17,000 comments from the public. We need to work collectively. So in February the Mayor issued a call to arms for Londoners The Mayor continues to help make London’s to take action through ‘Love Clean London’. A cultural year diverse, vibrant and busy. City Hall system pioneered by the London Borough of remains committed to investing in the London Lewisham, it lets users report graffiti, dumped Design Festival, London Fashion Week and rubbish and other eye sores via a mobile phone Film London, while backing a series of cultural application, the web and text message. An campaigns, festivals and events. In the last year interactive map shows what has been reported, these included: where, and what is being done in response. This smart use of technology delivers financial • Story of London, which in its second year savings, too. explored the city’s role in technological, scientific, cultural and social advances over the During the year the Mayor also hosted a ‘Gum centuries – and the capital’s future challenges; Gala’ and a ‘Litter Summit’ to discuss how to • Rhythm of London, a showcase of London’s make London a cleaner, tidier city. diverse range of music education and entertainment which culminated in a day of Strengthening London’s cultural life live music on Trafalgar Square to mark London is a cultural metropolis: a global capital St. George’s Day; of culture that teems with creative people, • Big Dance, London’s Legacy Trust UK setting trends for others to follow. It boasts programme in partnership with Arts Council bustling and world-renowned museums and England – more than a million people took plays host to more than 30,000 live music part in over 850 activities which celebrated performances each year. dance and its diversity and showcased London’s creativity; Published in November, the Mayor’s Cultural • London Jazz festival, produced with BBC Radio Strategy sets out a vision for protecting and 3 and running at venues across London but stimulating London’s cultural life in its endlessly with a focus on Outer London boroughs; varied forms. Of course that means protecting • a spectacular fireworks display to celebrate our position as a leading cultural centre at a New Year; and time of economic uncertainty. But it also means • celebrations to mark Chinese New Year, making sure that culture is woven through our Chanukah, Vaisakhi, and the Royal Wedding.

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    TH E MAY OR ’ S A N N UA L R E P O R T 2 0 1 1 Improving London’s housing Half of England’s rough sleepers can be found in London faces the biggest housing challenges London. In 2009 the Mayor set up the London in the country. Top of that list is a desperate Delivery Board to bring together charities, the need for more homes; not least given the boroughs, the police and others to reduce rough overcrowding, health and social issues that sleeping. It is having a tremendous impact. go hand in hand with too little housing. The Three-quarters of the capital’s most entrenched Mayor has therefore set a target of delivering rough sleepers have been helped off the streets. 50,000 affordable homes before the Olympic The board has also launched new services and Paralympic Games, the most in any Mayoral targeted at London’s street population, term. Already nearly 40,000 have been delivered. such as outreach on London’s night buses and a street doctor. In April 2011 the Mayor launched the ‘FIRST STEPS’ website to simplify the task of finding We can make the biggest difference by stopping and applying for a low cost home, and of rough sleepers from becoming entrenched in the working out the monthly cost of renting or first place. So in April 2011 the Mayor launched buying. The website complements the Mayor’s a pilot project to ensure no new arrival on programme of the same name which helps London’s streets spends a second night out. The Londoners on low and middle incomes get onto project will be funded by extra money the Mayor the property market. secured from Government. But it is not just about numbers. Too often In the future the Mayor will have greater powers space and quality have been sacrificed for and a £34 million budget to tackle rough quantity. So we need to set sensible standards sleeping in the capital. This will help the Delivery for housing design and sustainability; standards Board to step up a gear in reaching the Mayor’s which lead to greener, safer homes fit for 21st target that no one is living on the streets by the century living and which shape our city for the end of 2012. better. That is what the Mayor’s Housing Design Guide, published in August 2010, does. All new Reducing health inequalities affordable housing must now comply with the London can and should be a place where design guide. Once the London Plan has been everyone is able to lead a healthy and fulfilling adopted, the Guide will apply across all types of life. However, Londoners experience stark and housing in London. unacceptable differences in their wellbeing and longevity. Addressing these differentials is We also need to improve existing homes, a thread that runs through the Mayor’s work: particularly for those council tenants living in whether helping people into work, improving the sub-standard homes. The Mayor has secured number and quality of homes, or catalysing a £1.6 billion – over half of the Government’s total Cycling Revolution. decent homes budget and a 40 per cent increase – to do just that. This vital investment will Yet we need to make sure we understand transform not just homes, but the lives of many which approaches have the biggest impact in of the poorest, most vulnerable Londoners. It narrowing these gaps; and we need to bring will also provide a boost to the capital’s economy partners together so we can take a long-term by supporting jobs in the construction sector. and coordinated approach around a clear vision. This is the thinking behind the Mayor’s Health

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    41 Inequalities Strategy which was launched in throughout life. The GLA is therefore working April 2010. with the boroughs to support and invest in early years programmes that are targeted to reach the Much has changed since the strategy was right families. And the GLA published analysis on published. A new Government is developing the economic case for investing in early years – plans to modernise the NHS and improve the the first of its kind in the UK – to encourage and way it works with local bodies. So in November shape how boroughs, the NHS and police invest the Mayor hosted his first Health Leadership in these programmes. We are also contributing Summit to reflect on the proposals and consider to the national review on early intervention, how London can capitalise on the opportunities making sure the unique London perspective is they present. reflected in the review. Many factors contribute to our health. And The Government will support the Mayor’s looking after our well-being starts long proposal to establish a new London Health before we arrive at the doctor’s surgery. The Improvement Board, which he will chair. The Well London Programme, led by the London Board will work closely with London Councils Health Commission, is piloting an integrated, and key partners to look at the public health community-led approach to improving health. It needs of the capital and to improve health for focuses on 20 of London’s most disadvantaged all Londoners. neighbourhoods, building on what is already being delivered locally to make it easier for Planning for an even better London people to make healthier choices and to make Deciding what, where and how we build and positive changes in their communities. develop – and equally what we protect and conserve – is of vital importance to the future This is just one of a host of projects run by the of our city. That is why the replacement London GLA with our partners. We are now working with Plan is so crucial. It will form the backcloth to takeaways and fast food outlets to encourage London’s development over the next 20 years, in them to offer healthy meals. Our Good Jobs turn influencing our economy and environment, Programme is spreading the message to and helping Londoners enjoy a good and employers that healthy jobs make good business improving quality of life. sense. And we facilitated work between the NHS and Jobcentre Plus to support Londoners At the end of 2008 the Mayor announced a full into jobs, including developing a briefing for review of the London Plan to take account of clinicians and practitioners to raise awareness his planning priorities for London and to reflect about the incapacity benefit reassessment changes since the current Plan was published. process and what it means for those affected. He also wanted to ensure the Plan was clearer Meanwhile, the Mayor has been working with and more strategic, and to make it a resource his unpaid HIV Ambassador, musician and for more local decision-making by boroughs and campaigner Annie Lennox, to raise awareness neighbourhoods. and break down the stigma of AIDS. During this year the new Plan has gone through Intervening early to improve the life chances an important part of the legal process it must of those children in greatest need has a follow before it can be published. Between July well-evidenced impact on health inequalities and December it was considered in a series of

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    TH E MAY OR ’ S A N N UA L R E P O R T 2 0 1 1 public hearings by an independent, Government- of London. In July the Mayor held to a key appointed panel. This examination in public sat campaign pledge and published a new London for 32 days and nearly 300 organisations and View Management Framework to protect these individuals were invited to take part; 51 detailed views more strongly. It will help ensure the matters were debated. The Panel’s report came views are not blocked or spoiled by insensitive out in May 2011 and we expect to publish the development. And because the guide is easier to new London Plan this summer. use, it will give developers and architects greater clarity about how new buildings can add to, The draft London Plan identifies 33 rather than detract from, London’s magnificent ‘Opportunity Areas’: places where there is built heritage. considerable scope for new homes, businesses and infrastructure. The Mayor is creating a series of frameworks, with input from the public, the boroughs and other relevant organisations, to ensure we seize in full the regenerative potential these areas offer. In April 2011, just over 100 years since the area hosted London’s first Olympic Games, the Mayor asked for views on ambitious plans to redevelop White City. The plans represent a framework for creating new communities, green spaces and better transport links – and delivering thousands of new affordable homes and up to 10,000 jobs. During the year the GLA also worked with boroughs to progress plans for other Opportunity Areas. That includes paving the way for the regeneration of the Vauxhall, Nine Elms and Battersea Opportunity Area. A significant step was the Mayor’s decision to green light plans to redevelop one of the London skyline’s most recognisable silhouettes: Battersea Power Station. Vacant since 1983, the station will be restored and opened to the public for the first time. It will sit at the heart the largest regeneration area close to central London, acting as a magnet for thousands of jobs and homes and overlooking the largest new park space in central London for over 50 years. There are views across the capital, and of key landmarks like St. Paul’s and the Palace of Westminster, which are part of the very essence

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    TH E MAY OR ’ S A N N UA L R E P O R T 2 0 1 1 HIGHLIGHTS This vision is set out in detail in ‘Young Londoners – successful futures’. Published in • Youth violence fell by more than six per July 2010, it explains the Mayor’s renewed cent in 2010/11. agenda for children and young people and how • Over 11,000 knives have been taken off the GLA will work with others to improve young London’s streets since 2008. people’s opportunities and chances in life. • The Mayor launched a series of Community Conversations to gather ideas on how we Taking action to address youth violence can all work together to further reduce Right now our first and foremost priority must youth violence. be bearing down with sustained vigour on youth • More than 1,500 people have registered to violence. be potential mentors who will help unlock the potential of black boys aged ten to 16. While overall youth violence fell more than six • Over 1,900 young people have now per cent last year, levels of the most serious successfully participated in the Mayor’s youth crimes remain a real, and all too often Earn Your Travel Back scheme – and got tragic, concern. Since coming to office the their travel cards back. Mayor has supported robust but fair policing. • More young offenders are getting extra and ‘Operation Blunt 2’ has taken many thousands intensive help to get on, and stay on, the of knives off London’s streets, with a particular right track after their release. Soon young focus on places where young people congregate. offenders from across the city will benefit A concerted and intelligence led approach from specialist ‘resettlement’ support. is tackling violence and criminal activity • In November the Mayor launched perpetrated by gangs. a campaign to achieve 20,000 new apprenticeships in London this year. We are But robust enforcement can only be part of well on the way to beating the target. the mix. To make a telling and lasting impact • The Mayor’s Music Education Fund is there needs to be an approach which is broad supporting over 5,000 young musicians in its scope, which takes the long-view, and to work with some of London’s top which tackles youth violence at its very root. We professional orchestras. need to convince young people that there are • One in eight London school children will be alternatives, to give them opportunities and to able to attend the London 2012 Games for help them make the right choices for themselves free thanks to a deal the Mayor struck with and society. the London Organising Committee of the Olympic Games. During 2010/11 the Mayor made considerable progress in pursuing this agenda under the aegis The Mayor’s vision for young Londoners is of his ‘Time for Action’ strategy. to create the Best Big City on Earth where economic opportunity can thrive and children A key strand in Time for Action is building can grow up healthy and safe; a city which character, respect and responsibility by working listens to and involves its young people, which with and promoting the work of uniformed and encourages them to aim high, and which helps non-uniformed youth groups, and by providing them to realise their potential. appropriate mentors to boys and young men at risk of offending. The Mayor also wants to

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    45 do more for young black boys in London, who with five boroughs to explore different ways are at greater risk of offending and violence – of supporting parents of excluded pupils so whether as perpetrators or victims. that the young person in question can swiftly return to mainstream education. We are also In December the Mayor attended the first of a looking at ways to reduce bullying and violent series of Community Conversations he is hosting behaviour at school and to work with families in areas of London that suffer from high levels to reduce absences. of youth violence. They are an opportunity for the Mayor and his team to listen carefully to When young people do fall into the criminal community concerns and to think collaboratively justice system, we must do all we can to to find solutions. In addition, the Mayor is using ensure they do not get trapped in a cycle the events to encourage people to sign up for of reoffending. his mentoring programme, which aims to match appropriately trained mentors with black boys In November 2009 the Mayor launched aged ten to 16. Since its launch in the New Year, a pioneering unit within Feltham Young over 1,500 potential mentors have registered. Offenders Institution. The Heron Unit works with those boys most motivated to change. The Mayor is also working with YOU London, During their incarceration the boys are provided an umbrella organisation bringing together all with intensive support and are matched with of the uniformed groups in London (such as resettlement brokers. The brokers work with Scouts, Cadets and Guides). He is investing £1.3 them throughout their sentence and after their million to build their capacity so that over the release to devise personalised programmes that next three years they can take on 8,000 more address issues that might lead to re-offending. young people from all backgrounds across the capital. Within that, the Mayor has set a target The preliminary findings suggest the extra that 25 per cent are either not in education, support is making all the difference to employment or training (NEET), or are at risk of reoffending levels. Two boys have gone on becoming involved in criminal behaviour. to university and many more have entered meaningful employment. In fact, because of the Earn Your Travel Back was introduced by the success of the approach, the Mayor is funding Mayor in August 2009 to give those young resettlement support for young offenders across people who have had their free travel taken the city. away due to inappropriate behaviour the opportunity earn it back. The scheme provides Finally, it is also vital that we leave no stone young people with one chance to take part in a unturned in the search for good ideas. We day of environmental conservation. In 2010/11, need to understand the problems better, share 1,423 young people successfully earned their information and learn from each other. So in travel back – with many wishing to take up March 2011 our new Oracle website went live. volunteering afterwards. The website will be populated over the next few months with projects that have proved to A pattern of truancy is common to almost all be effective. It will then be a comprehensive young offenders. So we are working with schools repository of the approaches that work best in and councils to keep children in school. Towards tackling youth violence. the end of 2010/11 the GLA began a project

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    TH E MAY OR ’ S A N N UA L R E P O R T 2 0 1 1 A Community Conversation in Southwark. © Jav Sondh

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    47 Giving young people the best possible We also held London-wide events for children start in life in care. And the way in which the capital’s Helping young people get the best possible start universities and colleges support care leavers in life is woven through many of the Mayor’s to access and succeed in higher education has policies; from improving housing and reducing been improved. health inequalities to encouraging businesses to sign up to the London Living Wage. An apprenticeship can make all the difference to a young person. Time in the right workplace, These efforts all help to address child poverty. with the right boss, can be worth months of And there was welcome progress last year, training. An apprenticeship teaches discipline, including GCSE grades rising again and a further fosters self-belief and can provide a step onto fall in the number of families with children in the career ladder. There are enormous benefits temporary accommodation. But child poverty to be had for businesses and our economy, too. rates in London remain higher than in any other region: there are approximately 630,000 young Yet London has traditionally offered fewer people living in poverty in the capital. Another apprenticeships than other parts of the UK. way to address child poverty is by supporting The Mayor has been working hard to address parents into work. The Mayor is therefore this. With the National Apprenticeship Service, working with the Government to look at ways he is striving to achieve a target of 20,000 new to meet London’s childcare demand and to apprenticeships in London in 2011. Progress address its high costs, which are at least 25 per has been swift, and we expect to go beyond cent higher than the England average. He is also the target. We are also doing our bit: we are promoting parent friendly employment through on target to hit 3,000 apprenticeships by 2012 Diversity Works for London, and developing a across the GLA group. project to increase the number of childminders. To make a go of their careers young people Due to the challenges they face, children in need the foundation that comes from a good care tend to do significantly worse than their education and a sound skills base. And a skilled peers at school. They are also more likely to be workforce is the bedrock of London’s global unemployed afterwards. The Mayor strongly competitiveness. believes that London’s children in care deserve the same chances in life as other children. In September the Mayor officially opened two new academies in the London Borough of The GLA is working with three boroughs to Enfield. They are making good progress, and he test a new approach to encouraging children is supporting up to eight more. in care to go on to higher education, as well as supporting them to engage positively at school. The academies programme is just one way the The programme, which is in its early days, Mayor is improving the range of opportunities trains and matches ‘near peers’ – care leavers for young people in London. Saturday schools who have gone on to university – with a young and after school clubs are also part of the person in care. The mentor works with the young rich mix of educational opportunities in the person to help build their self-belief and to capital and the Mayor is working to support offer support. and raise the profile of community groups and charitable organisations that work in this area.

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    TH E MAY OR ’ S A N N UA L R E P O R T 2 0 1 1 In November the Mayor launched Widening the ages of seven and 15) came up with ideas to Horizons, a new guide highlighting the different tackle issues around bullying, families, labeling, and varied types of after school provision and drugs and alcohol at school. The advisors available in the capital. won a Diana Achievement Award for Excellence and helped research the London Assembly’s Another example is the Mayor’s support for report on alcohol abuse. The Challenge Network. Thanks to extra funding, they were able to involve nearly 500 Over 200 young people from 35 schools took 16 year-olds in South and West London in part in a London Sustainable Development summer outward-bound camps and community Commission event at City Hall in November volunteering during 2010. This paved the way 2010 to learn skills that will enable them to for London to secure nearly 2,000 places in become leaders of the future. the National Citizen Service pilots in 2011, a fantastic initiative which brings together young Involving young people in London’s Londoners from all walks of life. cultural and sporting life London’s rich cultural milieu offers a tremendous The Mayor has liaised with the Department outlet for our young people. It presents for Education to ensure that the new bursary opportunities for experimenting, learning, scheme for those aged 16 to 19 who are in full- inspiring and bonding – and most importantly of time education and facing financial hardship, all, having fun. which will replace the Education Maintenance Allowance, supports the most disadvantaged The Mayor of London’s Fund for Young Londoners. And through the work of the London Musicians was launched in May 2011. This new Development Agency, the Mayor plans to music charity aims to raise £2m in philanthropic invest £23 million over three years to open up funding by March 2012. It will provide talented education, training and skills opportunities to and committed children with outstanding NEET young people and young ex-offenders. opportunities. Four hundred children aged seven to 11 across the 32 London boroughs and the The Mayor believes young people should have City will be awarded music scholarships. Tens of a voice and an opportunity to contribute to and thousands of children up to the age of 18 will be influence all those policies and programmes given the chance to learn alongside professional in which they have a stake. They have wisdom musicians. This extends an existing GLA pilot to share and benefit from the experience. So project. the Mayor’s team of over forty Peer Outreach Workers (15 to 25 year-olds) delivered a wide The Mayor has been keen to draw links between range of projects with other young people his cultural programme and music education. across London. These included helping to launch The annual Rhythm of London Festival and a World AIDs Day Exhibition at City Hall and Busking Underground competitions attracted working with charities to produce an education significant media coverage, allowing the Mayor package for schools. to put the spotlight on London’s talented young musicians. The Mayor’s ‘Lynk Up Crew’ of young advisors (a cross-section of London children between

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    49 However, too many young Londoners, especially The GLA is also funding projects with: those from poorer families, are missing out on the chance to develop their musical talents • Panathlon, a programme of sport and coaching due to patchy provision and a lack of clear for seriously disabled children and young information about opportunities. So the Mayor people; has commissioned a major survey of music • Cricket for Change, which supplies equipment education provision to ensure that funding is and trains teachers to provide cricket in schools directed to areas of greatest need. across London; and • Salmon Youth Centre, to run a range of Young Londoners have also been involved in sporting opportunities in their centre in the arts through Children’s Art Day, supported Southwark. by the Mayor, which has reached thousands of children since 2008. The Fourth Plinth Schools’ In addition the Mayor has put aside £250,000, Award was launched in 2010 and received over as part of Team London, to fund one or two 500 entries. And the Big Dance Schools Pledge innovative projects that will use volunteers was delivered with the British Council to 150,000 to provide sporting activities for at risk young people across the world. young people. Sport has the power to reach out to young The Mayor has secured a deal to provide people. It can reduce antisocial behaviour, 125,000 tickets for London’s school children, so improve performance at school and build that one in eight can see the 2012 Games for confidence. ‘A sporting future for London’, the free. He is also exploring ways to involve young Mayor’s strategy for boosting the number of people in London 2012 including the Cultural people who participate in sport, is helping young Olympiad and test events in the Olympic Park. people to reap the benefits sport can bring. The £15.5m PlaySport fund has trained sports coaches and officials and awarded grants to numerous community organisations working with young people. One such group is the Federation of London Youth Clubs which is building long-term capacity in youth sports. Another is Fight for Peace Academy in North Woolwich, which uses boxing and martial arts combined with education and personal development to unlock the potential of young people from communities that suffer from crime and violence. ‘Make a Splash’ took mobile swimming pools to six London boroughs and by December 2010 5,000 people – mostly young Londoners – had got involved, learning to swim or improving their swimming skills.

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    TH E MAY OR ’ S A N N UA L R E P O R T 2 0 1 1 Other formats and languages For a large print, Braille, disc, sign language video or audio-tape version of this document, please contact us at the address below: Public Liaison Unit Greater London Authority Telephone 020 7983 4100 City Hall Minicom 020 7983 4458 The Queen’s Walk www.london.gov.uk More London London SE1 2AA You will need to supply your name, your postal address and state the format and title of the publication you require. If you would like a summary of this document in your language, please phone the number or contact us at the address above. Chinese Hindi Vietnamese Bengali Greek Urdu Turkish Arabic Punjabi Gujarati

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